different types of social learning

stimulus enhancement
the observer’s attention is focused on a particular aspect of the environment (a place or object) as a result of observing another individual interact with that aspect of the environment
1 of 24
e.g. of stimulus enhancement
I see you frequently go near the biscuit tin so I pay more attention to the biscuit tin
2 of 24
observer conditioning
the observer learns the positive or negative properties of a stimulus by observing another individual’s responses to that stimulus
3 of 24
e.g. of observer conditioning
I see you burn yourself on the iron so I realise that touching it has negative consequences
4 of 24
affordance learning
the observer learns how objects work (the ‘affordances’ of the objects) by observing another individual interact with those objects
5 of 24
e.g. of affordance learning
I notice you pressing your swipe card against the small rectangular panel to access the Addison House rooms, so I learn that I need to press my card there too
6 of 24
emulation
the observer watches another individual’s actions and copies the outcome of those actions (not the actions themselves)
7 of 24
e.g. of emulation
bobo doll studies
8 of 24
object movement re-enactment
the observer watches another individual’s actions using an object, and copies the movement of the object but not necessarily the actions themselves
9 of 24
e.g. of object re-encactment
I use chopsticks in one hand to pick up some rice; my daughter takes one chopstick in each hand and tries to perform the same movements with the chopsticks but using very different actions
10 of 24
imitation
the observer watches another individual’s actions and produces the same configural body movements to copy the exact actions
11 of 24
e.g. of imitation
I watch Wimbledon and copy Federer to help me improve my tennis serve
12 of 24
individual learning
improvement through practice, receiving gradual feedback from the outcomes of one’s actions, but without watching another individual or receiving instructions from another individual
13 of 24
e.g. of individual learning
improving my tennis serve through practice, not through observing someone else
14 of 24
trial-and-error learning
learning by trying various options and seeing which works best, without watching another individual or receiving instructions from another individual
15 of 24
e.g. of trial and error learning
trying out various routes to work until I find the one that’s least busy / least frequently disrupted – but if I use a transport planning app then this would become learning via communication
16 of 24
innovation
coming up with a new way to solve a problem, without watching another individual or receiving instructions from another individual
17 of 24
e.g. of innovation
any truly novel solution to a problem that isn't gained from discussion with another
18 of 24
learning from teaching
learning that takes place as a result of a deliberate attempt by a ‘teacher’ to impart knowledge to a ‘learner’
19 of 24
e.g. of learning from teaching
an adult carefully showing a child how to tie their shoelaces
20 of 24
learning from signalling
learning (mostly in animals) where the behaviour of a ‘demonstrator’ is adapted to communicate information to an ‘observer’
21 of 24
e.g. of learning from signalling
female mammals change their behaviour and colouration when they are in the sexually receptive stage of their cycle
22 of 24
learning from communication
learning that is mediated by language or another form of symbolic communication
23 of 24
e.g. of learning from communication
instructions, recipes, etc
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

e.g. of stimulus enhancement

Back

I see you frequently go near the biscuit tin so I pay more attention to the biscuit tin

Card 3

Front

observer conditioning

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

e.g. of observer conditioning

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

affordance learning

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all social resources »