Dietary Terminology

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What is the function of Protein?
It is used in the body for growth and repair, excess protein is used for energy or stored as fat.
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What is proteins broken into?
Amino Acids.
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What are the 2 types of amino acids?
essential amino acids and non-amino acids.
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Name 4 sources of protein.
meat, fish, pulses, dairy
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What is the difference between: High Biological Value and Low Biological Value?
Essential amino acids are found in High Biological Value whereas Low Biological Value lacks in essentials amino acids
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What is the function of Fats?
Provides us energy, keeps us warm, protects internal organs.
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Name 3 Animal fats and 3 Vegetable fats?
Animal: butter, cheese, meat. Vegetable: olives, soya beans, nuts
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Explain Saturated Fat? Give an example.
Saturated Fats raise the cholesterol in the body, it can cause lots of health porblems, and should be eaten sparingly. An example of the is: butter, sausages, hard cheese.
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Explain Unsaturated Fat? Give an example.
Unsaturated Fats can help you to reduce the cholesterol in the blood. An example of this is: oily fish, avocado, nuts.
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What is the function of Carbohydrates?
provides us energy and reduces cholesterol in the blood, and also helps to get rid of waste in the body.
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Name the 4 types of fat.
Unsaturated, Saturated, Polyunsaturated, Mono-unsaturated.
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What are the 2 types of carbohydrates?
sugars and starch
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what do sugars do?
they provide instant energy. Example: cake
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what does starch do?
starch has to be broken down into sugars before it can provides us energy, energy from starch is released more slowly.. Example: pasta
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what is hydrogenated fat?
oil which has had hydrogen bubble though to improve the flavour or shelf life.
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what is the function for vitamins?
prevent illness and maintains good health.
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vitamin A: source, function, deficiency and excess
Sources: carrots, liver Function: healthy eyes and bone growth Deficiency: vision problems Excess: orange tint to skin
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vitamin B1: source, function, deficiency and excess
Source: meats,dairy Function: transfers and releases energy Deficiency: beri beri Excess: not stored in the body
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vitamin B2: source, function.
Source: green vegetables Function: makes red blood cells
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vitamin c: source, function, deficiency and excess
Source: citrus fruits Function: helps iron absorption Deficiency: slow repair of wounds Excess: lost in the urine
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vitamin D: source, function, deficiency and excess
source: sunlight Function: strong teeth and bones Deficiency: rickets excess: can be poisonous
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what vitamins are fat soluble?
A and D
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what vitamins are water soluble?
C and B
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what happens to excess water?
it is excreted in the urine
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what are the function of minerals?
maintain how the body works
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what are vitamins composed from?
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
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what is the function of water?
prevent constipation, control body temperature, hydrate you
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is proteins broken into?

Back

Amino Acids.

Card 3

Front

What are the 2 types of amino acids?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name 4 sources of protein.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the difference between: High Biological Value and Low Biological Value?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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