Diet-Related Diseases: Osteoporosis

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What does osteoporosis do to your bones?
It weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break
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How many people in the UK are affected?
About 300,000 people
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How many women suffer from osteoporosis?
Every 1 in 3
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How many men suffer from osteoporosis?
Every 1 in 5
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When do bones usually stop growing in length?
Between the ages of 16 and 18
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When do bones usually stop increasing in density?
Around the late 20s
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When do bones usually start losing density?
At around age 35
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When do women lose bone density the most rapidly?
In the first few years after the menopause
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Over the next four cards, explain the four risk factors of developing osteoporosis
1. Genes - You are more susceptible of developing osteoporosis if one of your parents has broken a hip (for example)
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2.
2. Age - As we get older, our bone mass decreases, so bones become more fragile and more likely to break
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3. Gender - Women have smaller bones than men, and also experience menopause white accelerates the loss of bone density. Oestrogen has a protective effect on bones, so after menopause there is no longer any oestrogen produced to protect the bones
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4. Low body weight - If you have a low BMI then you are at a greater risk of developing osteoporosis
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How does calcium reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis?
It increases your bone density, so that you have a greater chance of achieving your peak bone mass
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How does vitamin D reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis?
It increases the intestinal absorption of calcium and prevents urinary calcium loss. Vitamin D also has an interrelationship with calcium to help it become absorbed into bones
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How do fruit and vegetables reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis?
They are rich in several nutrients that appear to play important roles in bone health (including potassium, magnesium and vitamin K)
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How does excess salt increase your risk of developing osteoporosis?
High salt intakes appear to increase urinary calcium loss
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How much exposure to sunlight do you need?
30 minutes a day from March to October
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Why do you need this much sunlight?
It allows you to get enough vitamin D consumption
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many people in the UK are affected?

Back

About 300,000 people

Card 3

Front

How many women suffer from osteoporosis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many men suffer from osteoporosis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When do bones usually stop growing in length?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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