Diet-Related Diseases: Obesity

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What is obesity?
When someone is very overweight and has a lot of body fat
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How many people does it affect in the UK?
It affects around every 1 in 4 adults and 1 in 5 children aged 10-11
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What is obesity caused by?
It is manly caused by eating more calories than you burn off through exercise
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What is excess energy stored as and why?
The excess energy is stored as fat in the adipose tissue (under the skin)
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What are some symptoms of obesity?
BMI of over 30, breathlessness, back and joint pains, and obviously having a lot of excess fat
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Where is most of the excess fat in an obese male?
Around the stomach (making them apple-shaped)
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Where is most of the excess fat in an obese female?
Around the hips (making them pear-shaped)
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Over the next five cards, name five risk factors and how to overcome them
1. Family lifestyle - try to exercise more and eat a balanced lifestyle
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Second risk factor
2. Inactivity - adults need 5 hours of exercise a week
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Third risk factor
3. Lack of sleep - try to get at least 6 hours of sleep a night
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Fourth risk factor
4. Having other obese friends - do group exercise, plan out meals together, and support each other
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Fifth risk factor
5. Snacking - try not to snack, but if you do then replace foods high in sugar/fat with snacks high in fibre (such as nuts) to fill you up
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many people does it affect in the UK?

Back

It affects around every 1 in 4 adults and 1 in 5 children aged 10-11

Card 3

Front

What is obesity caused by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is excess energy stored as and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are some symptoms of obesity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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