Diet-Related Diseases: Coronary Heart Disease

When I say CHD, I am simple too lazy to say coronary heart disease :)

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What is the cause of CHD?
It is caused when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries
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What is the build-up of plaque called?
It is called atherosclerosis
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Name the five main reasons why CHD occurs
1. Smoking 2. High cholesterol in blood 3. High blood pressure 4. High sugar in blood/diabetes 5. Blood vessel inflammation
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What are two simple ways to reduce your risk of CHD?
Having a balanced diet and taking plenty of exercise
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What is the first symptom of CHD?
A common symptom is angina. When an area of your heart does not get enough oxygen, it can feel like a squeezing pressure. It can be calmed when resting, and aggravated when exercising
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What is another symptom of CHD?
Another symptom is shortness of breath. It occurs when the lungs fill up with fluids, as the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the demand of your body
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What is the final symptom of CHD?
Cardiac arrest is the most fatal symptom. It occurs when the flow of blood is cut off to a part of the heart
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Over the next five cards, name five risk factors and how to overcome them
1. Smoking - can be overcome by quitting, reducing the number of cigarettes you smoke, or by not starting in the first place
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Second risk factor
2. High cholesterol - can be overcome by eating foods that lower your cholesterol (e.g. Flora Proactive) or by taking pills (such as statins)
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Third risk factor
3. Lack of exercise - can be overcome by doing exercise and by walking more instead of using a car
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Fourth risk factor
4. Being obese/overweight - can be overcome by eating less fatty foods and by taking regular exercise
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Fifth risk factor
5. Unbalanced diet - can be overcome by simply eating a balanced diet.... Surprisingly
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the build-up of plaque called?

Back

It is called atherosclerosis

Card 3

Front

Name the five main reasons why CHD occurs

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are two simple ways to reduce your risk of CHD?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the first symptom of CHD?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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