Diet-Related Diseases: Cancer

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What is cancer caused by?
It is caused by normal cells changing so that they grow in an uncontrolled way. This uncontrolled growth causes a tumour to form, which can spread to other tissues nearby
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How many types of cancer are there and why?
About 200 because there are over 200 types of body cells
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What are the four most common types of cancer in the UK?
Breast, lung, prostate and bowel cancer
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Over the next 14 (yes, 14!) cards, name 14 general symptoms of cancer
1. An unusual lump or swelling anywhere on your body
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2.
2. A sore that won't heal after several weeks
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3.
3. A mouth or tongue ulcer that lasts longer than 3 weeks
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4.
4. A cough or croaky voice that lasts longer than 3 weeks
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5.
5. Persistant difficulty swallowing or indigestion
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6.
6. Problems passing urine
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7.
7. Blood in your urine
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8.
8. Blood in your bowel motions
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9. A change to more frequent bowel motions that lasts longer than four to six weeks
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10. Unexplained weight loss or heavy night sweats
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11. An unexplained pain or ache that lasts longer than four weeks
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12.
12. Breathlessness
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13. Coughing up blood
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14.
14. An unusual breast change
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Over the next seven cards, name seven risk factors of developing cancer
1. Smoking
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2.
2. Alcohol
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3.
3. A bad diet (e.g. too much salt/sugar/saturated fat)
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4.
4. Obesity
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5. Lack of exercise
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6.
6. Too much exposure to the sun
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7.
7. Genetics
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How can eating more fruit and vegetables decrease your risk of developing cancer?
They contain antioxidants, which mop up free radicals - free radicals can cause cancer
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many types of cancer are there and why?

Back

About 200 because there are over 200 types of body cells

Card 3

Front

What are the four most common types of cancer in the UK?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Over the next 14 (yes, 14!) cards, name 14 general symptoms of cancer

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

2.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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