Deviant Adaptations to Strain

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  • Created by: MiaC
  • Created on: 15-06-15 22:56
Who is the sociologist for deviant adaptations?
Merton
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What does strain theory explain?
Patterns of deviance
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What affects the way an individual adapts to strain?
Their position in the social structure
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what is the first adaptation
Conformity
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Describe characteristics of conformists?
They stick to rules and live by the culturally approved goal.
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Are conformists strained?
No
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What do conformists turn to? give an example.
The legitimate opportunity structure like education, white middle class americans.
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What is the second adaptation
Innovation
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What to innovators value in terms of success?
Money success
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What do innovators value?
Cultural goal.
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How do they achieve their goal? Give an example.
Through utilitarian crime such as theft.
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Why do they innovate?
They are negatively affected by the structural factor.
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What is the third adaptation?
Ritualism
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What have ritualism adaptations done?
Given up on the goal
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But what to ritualism adaptations continue to do?
Go along with the ideology
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What to people who are part of the ritualist adaptations end up in?
Dead end and low paid jobs.
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What is the fourth adaptation?
Retreatism
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What to retreatists do?
reject all cultural goals
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Give an example of a cultural goal that retreatists reject.
The American Dream
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What kind of people are retreatists generally?
People who are in the periphery of society like drug addicts and alcoholics.
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What are they said to be past the point of in retreatism adaptations?
The point of strain.
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What is the final adaptation
Rebellion
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What do rebellion adaptations reject?
Structure and Culture
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What do rebellions create?
A counter culture
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Give an example of a counter culture.
Hippies
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What do rebellions form of their own?
A goal.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does strain theory explain?

Back

Patterns of deviance

Card 3

Front

What affects the way an individual adapts to strain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is the first adaptation

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe characteristics of conformists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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