developmental psychology

Animism
the belief that inanimate objects have thoughts and feelings
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Conservation
even if an object changes its shape its weight and mass remains the same
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Fixed mindset
people believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence or talent, are simply fixed traits
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growth mindsets
people believe their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work
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intelligence
capacity to acquire and apply knowledge
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object permanence
the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they can't be observed
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the two types of nervous systems
central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
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valid
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what its supposed to
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reliable
the extent to which a test yields consistent results. If you repeated it would you get the smae results?
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standardised
if a set of data is comparable with another set
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amygdala
memory and emotions relating to fear
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hippocampus
processing of long term memory and emotional response to it
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thalamus
relays information from sensory receptors to proper areas where it can be processed
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pons
connects the upper and lower parts of the brain, also where dreaming happens
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left hemisphere
analytical thinking, science and maths, number skills, right hand control
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right hemisphere
art awarness, creative skills, music awareness
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frontal lobe
thinking, decision making and planning
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temporal lobe
auditory information
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occipital lobe
visual information
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parietal lobe
taste, touch and temperature`
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cerebellum
balance and co-ordination
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hypothalamus
controls hunger and thirst
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IQ stands for...
intelligence quotient
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what is the purpose of an IQ test
to work out if school children were going to need help or be intelligent in the future
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what is the alpha and beta test
based towards american culture. This was to stop any imigrants trying to get into america as they couldn't answer the questions.
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PIAGETS THEORY - assimulation
this is when new information is incorporated into an existing schema
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PIAGETS THEORY - accomodation
this is when new information is used to alter old information to create a new schema
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PIAGETS THEORY - schema
a mental plan or map in your head on how you expect a situation to happen based on previous experiances
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reductionism
when psychologists make a theory and don't take into account other things that might impact it or the behaviour
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holism
when psychologists take into account the impacts
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4 types of learning
visual, auditory, reading/writing, kinoesthetic
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Willinghams theory...
we only learn and remember things if they're meaningful. We shouldn't carry out experiments as we dont yet understand the process properly.
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key stage
age related stages of development used to organise the education of children
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readiness
the idea that children aren't ready to learn certain things until they've reached a particular stage of cognitive development
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invariant
something that doesn't change or vary
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universal
the same for everyone
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Conservation

Back

even if an object changes its shape its weight and mass remains the same

Card 3

Front

Fixed mindset

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

growth mindsets

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

intelligence

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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