development of Tudor Government

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when was the act of union with wales
1536
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what did the act of union with wales achieve
Wales was incorporated into the English law system, it was split into counties and each county gained JPs. this was supported by an act in 1543 which increased the number of MPs from Wales in Parliament
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When was the Court of Augmentations created? And what did it do?
1546, and it sorted money from the reformation
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When were the liberties and franchises ended? What did this do?
1540, ended magnate rule
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when was the act of precedence and what did it do?
1539, it defined the roles of Parliamentary and council members
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When did the Privy Council gain a secretary?
1540
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what was the role of the Privy council
advise the king, administer the realm, appoint magistrates (often acted as Jps)
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When was bishop Tunstall made protector of the north? why was this important?
1537, Tunstall was a service noble - his power directly came from the king
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How did Henry deal with magnate power?
promoted service nobles, such as Tunstall, Cromwell, Paulet, Paget and Northumberland + ending Liberties and Franchises
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How did Henry cope with securing support?
He rewarded those loyal to him - Russell was made Head of Council of the West (made permanent after success in 1549)
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The Common law courts and star chamber were based in London, How were these supported in the localities?
county assizes, who were supported by JPs - serious crime was sent to London
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How did Cromwell increase the centralisation of government?
unified law across the country using Councils (Marches, Wales and North)
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When was the court of wards created? what did it do?
1540, dealt with money of the crowns wardships
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How did the King maintain control of regional councils?
they had to report to the privy council - Tunstall's greatest achievement was getting bishops in to westminster
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What were Somerset's most important social policies and when were they?
1547 Vagrancy act (split poor into deserving and undeserving - undeserving were marked with a V and made slaves for two years), 1548 5% tax on sheep and property, and 1548 enclosure comission
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what were somerset and Northumberland's titles in Edward's governmement
Lord Protector and Lord President of the Council
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How much did the maintenance of garrisons in Boulogne and Calais cost?
£351,000
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What was the role of Lord Lieutenants, when were they made permanant?
raising militia started in 1540, also helped to reduce reliance of magnate powers. made permanent in 1550 after failure to cope with 1549 rebellions
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How much did Northumberland sell Boulogne for and when did he do ti?
15
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When was the Privy Coffer set up - who instigated this?
1551 - William Paulet
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When was debasement ended?
1551
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What were Northumberland's social policies?
increased grain reserves and set up1550 a new poor law which ordered the church to help disabled and elderly vigourously enforced enclosure laws
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How was Edward's control over the Church increased?
1549 all church courts were put in Edwards name
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How was Edward's religious supremacy supported?
1547 Treason Act made it an offence to question supremacy (written or verbal), 1552 offence to question the supremacy or articles of faith
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How much did Northumberland reduced debt by?
£300,000 to £180,000
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How did Somerset deal with crown debts
sent thomas gresham to Neds 12+ times, selling of lands (church and Boulogne (1550)) and vigourously called in church debts
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what did the 1550 treason act do?
enabled JPs to enforce law
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Card 2

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what did the act of union with wales achieve

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Wales was incorporated into the English law system, it was split into counties and each county gained JPs. this was supported by an act in 1543 which increased the number of MPs from Wales in Parliament

Card 3

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When was the Court of Augmentations created? And what did it do?

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Card 4

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When were the liberties and franchises ended? What did this do?

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Card 5

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when was the act of precedence and what did it do?

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