Development Gap Key Words

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  • Created by: faholly21
  • Created on: 30-05-15 21:20
Newly Industrialising Countries
Include 'Asian Tigers' as well as other emerging industrial nations e.g Philippines, Malaysia and China
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Development Measure
Stats used to show the level of development which allows countries to be compared.
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GNP
total value of all goods and services produced by a nation in a particular year.
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Human Development Index (HDI)
Based on three variables: life expectancy at birth; level of education(incl literacy rates and years in school); income adjusted to purchasing power. Scale of 0-10
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Infant mortality
number of babies that die under a year of age, per 1000 ive births
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Literacy Rate
% of adults who can read and write enough to function in work and society
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GNI
Gross National Income- total value of goods and services produced by anyone of that nationality.
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Physical quality of Life Index (PQLI)
Average of 3 indicators: Literacy Rate; life expectancy and infant mortality
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Tariffs
government taxes on imported or exported goods
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Gross Domestic Product
total value of goods and services produced by a country divided by its total population. Foreign income is not included.
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Debt Repayment
Paying back money borrowed to support development from banks/government
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Conservation swaps
Agreements made between countries where some debts are written off in exchange for conservation projects being done.
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Fairtrade
system whereby agricultural producers in countries at lesser stages of development are paid a fair price to their produce. This helps them attain a reasonable standard of living
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Short term aid
aid given to relieve a disaster situation e.g earthquake relief
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Long term aid
aid given over a long period which aims too promote economic development.
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Donor country
A country giving aid to another country
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Recipient Country
a country receiving aid from another country
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Bilateral aid
aid given by one government to another. It may include trade and business agreements tied to aid.
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Multilateral aid
Richer countries give money to international organisations such as the UN which pass it on to development projects in countries at lesser stages of development.
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Economic Periphery
Edge of country or region in terms of economics. May not physically be edge but remote, difficult area where people tend to be poorer.
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Economic core
Centre of country/region economically where businesses thrive/ job opportunities and are relatively wealthy.
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Sustainable development
Allows economic growth to happen over a long period of time without harming the environment. Does not compromise future generations
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Stats used to show the level of development which allows countries to be compared.

Back

Development Measure

Card 3

Front

total value of all goods and services produced by a nation in a particular year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Based on three variables: life expectancy at birth; level of education(incl literacy rates and years in school); income adjusted to purchasing power. Scale of 0-10

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

number of babies that die under a year of age, per 1000 ive births

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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