Development Definitions

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S.E.Z
Designated areas in a country that possess special economic regulations that are different to other areas in the same country
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Tide Aid
Recipient has to agree to spend money on G/S in donor country
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HDI
Human Development Index - measures development. Takes into account Life Expectancy, GDP and Adult literacy
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Sustainability
Meeting the needs of the current population without compromising the ability of the future generation to meet its own needs
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GDP
Gross Domestic Produce - the total value of finished goods and services produced by a country in a year
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NGOs
Organisations that are independent from government - are often aid agencies. They distribute aid in a variety of ways, e.g. Oxfam
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Development
An improvement in a number of different characteristics such as economic, demographic, social and cultural charscteristics
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Top Down Aid
When an organisation or government receives the aid and decides where it should be spent. This is often the case on large infrastructure projects, e.g. Building dams or hydroelectric power
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Multilateral Aid
Aid given to international organisations which use the money to assist programmes in poorer countries
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North-South divide
The imagined line that separates the richer countries of the North from the poorer countries of the South. First proposed by the Brandt report in 1980
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Bottom-Up Aid
When money is given directly to local people, e.g. To build a well - this is often used by NGOs
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Sustainable Development
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Needs to be socisally, economically and environmentally sustsinable
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Bilateral Aid
Aid given by government of one country to another
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GNP
Total value of all finished goods and services produced, plus all net income earned by the country and it's population overseas
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NICs
Countries in the developing world that have undergone rapid industrialisation since the start of the 1960s
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FDI
Foreign Direct Investment - investment by a TNC in countries other than it's parent
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TNCs
A company that operates in more than 1 country. The company does not have to own the operations outside its home country
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Development Gap
The difference in affluence between the richer countries of the developed world and the poorer countries of developing world
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Globalisation
The increasing interconnection of the worlds economic, cultural and political systems
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Asian Tigers
A group of countries that developed rapidly in the 1960s - Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea
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Open Cities
A city that is not occupied not defended by military. It is not allowed to be bombed during a war under international law
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Recipient has to agree to spend money on G/S in donor country

Back

Tide Aid

Card 3

Front

Human Development Index - measures development. Takes into account Life Expectancy, GDP and Adult literacy

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Meeting the needs of the current population without compromising the ability of the future generation to meet its own needs

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gross Domestic Produce - the total value of finished goods and services produced by a country in a year

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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