Development of personality definitions

mostly just definitions

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  • Created by: ikrolivia
  • Created on: 09-12-15 10:37
the thoughts, feelings & behaviours that make somone unique
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the genetic component of personality
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Longitudinal study
a study carried out to show how behaviour changes over time
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Monozygotic twins
twins developed from 1 fertilised egg
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Dizygotic twins
twins developed from 2 separate fertilised eggs
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type theory
personality types are thought to be inherited. They can be described using related traits.
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A personality type that describes people who look to the outside world for entertainment
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A personality type that describes people who are content with their own company
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a personality type that describes people who are highly emotional and show a quick, intense reaction to fear
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personality scales
ways of measuring personality using yes/no questions
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a third dimension indentified by Eysenck. People who score highly on this dimension are hostile, aggressive, insenstivie and cruel.
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What is the amygdala?
part of the brain involved in emotion
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Grey matter (cerebral cortex)
outer layer of brain
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Prefrontal cortex
the very front of brain. Involved in social and moral behaviour and controls aggression.
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Socioeconomic factors
social and financial issues that can affect an individual
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Describe 3 situational causes of APD
socioeconomic factors e.g. low family income & poor housing / quality of home life / educational factors e.g. low school achievement & leaving school early
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Biological causes of APD
Amygdala is affected so they tend not to avoid harmful behaviour because they're not affected by distress shown by victims. // Reduction in grey matter - less likely to behave morally or feel remorse
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Characteristics of APD
not following norms of society / being deceitful or impulsive / being careless about own safety / irresponsiblility / lacking remorse
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the genetic component of personality

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Longitudinal study


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Monozygotic twins


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Dizygotic twins


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