Development Gap Key Terms

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  • Created by: sheskely1
  • Created on: 16-08-16 17:01
Infant Mortality
No. babies (0-12 months) dying per 1000 live births. There is an inverse relationship between the wealth of a country and its infant mortality
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Gross National Income (GNI) - also called GNP
Measure of a country's wealth
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Gross National Product (GNP)
Measure of wealth- this does not take into account some business taxes
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Development Measure
Statistics used to show the level of development, which allows countries to be compared
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Human Development Index
Based on life expectancy at birth, education level (literacy rate+ years spent in school) and income adjusted for purchasing power (how much it will buy). Max. HDI is 1. MEDCs like Japan have an HDI of over 0.9, but LEDCs are about 1/2 that or less
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Physical Quality of Life (PQLI)
Average of 3 social indicators: literacy rate, life expectancy and infant mortality
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Tariffs
Government taxes on imported and exported goods
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Development
When a country improves for the people living there; their quality of life improves (for example their wealth, health,safety). For example France is more developed than Ethiopia
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GNI per Head
GNI dividion of a countryed by the population of a country
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Birth Rate
No. of live babies born per thousantion each yearlad of the popu
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Death Rate
No. of deaths per thousand of the population per year
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People per Doctor
Average no. of people for each doctor
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Literacy Rate
Percentage of adults who can read and write
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Access to Safe Water
Percentage of people who can get clean drinking water
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Life Expectancy
Average age a person can expect to live to
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Human Development Index (HDI)
No. that calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate, educational level (for example degree) and income per head
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Quotas
Precise limits on the quantity of goods that can be imported by a country
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Debt Relief
Forgiving a debt in part or in total, i.e writing it off
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Fairtrade
System whereby agricultural producers in countries at lesser stages of development are paid a fair price for their produce.his helps them to attain a reasonable standard of living
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Short-Term Aid
Aid given to relieve a disaster situation (for example people who have been made homeless and are starving after a serious flood
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Long-Term Aid
Aid given over a significant period, which aims to promote economic development
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Donor Country
Country giving aid to another country
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Receiving Country
Country receiving aid from another country
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Bilateral Aid
Aid given by one government to another. It may include trade and business agreements tied to the aid
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Multilateral Aid
Countries at further stages of development giving money to international organisations such as the world bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or the United Nations (UN), which then redistribute it to development projects in less developed co*
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Top-Down Aid
Aid used so that governments can run more efficiently or to build infrastructure such as roads and bridges
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Bottom-Up Aid
Aid used to provide basic health care for communities, clean drinking water and money for education
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Economic Periphery
Edge of a country/region in terms of economics. It may not physically be the edge, but is a more remote, difficult area where people tend to be poorer and have fewer opportunities. Less well-developed area
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Economic Core
Centre of a country/region economically, where businesses thrive, people have opportunities and are relatively wealthy. Highly developed area
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Sustainable Development
Allows economic growth to occur, which can continue over a long period of time and won't harm the environment. It benefits people alive today but doesn't compromise future generations
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Measure of a country's wealth

Back

Gross National Income (GNI) - also called GNP

Card 3

Front

Measure of wealth- this does not take into account some business taxes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Statistics used to show the level of development, which allows countries to be compared

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Based on life expectancy at birth, education level (literacy rate+ years spent in school) and income adjusted for purchasing power (how much it will buy). Max. HDI is 1. MEDCs like Japan have an HDI of over 0.9, but LEDCs are about 1/2 that or less

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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