Development and Governance

Compare the Nepal and Chile Earthquakes.
Nepal 2015 - HDI 0.55, Magnitude 7.7, Deaths 9,000. Chile 2007 - HDI 0.83, Magnitude 7.7, Deaths 2.
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How does education affect vulnerability and resilience?
An educated population knows how to act during a disaster and so education reduces the number of deaths and injuries during hazard events. eg. The Great California Shake Out in the US helps prepare people for earthquakes in an annual practice.
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How does housing affect vulnerability and resilience?
Well built houses and other buildings (hazard engineering) decrease vulnerability.
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How does healthcare affect vulnerability and resilience?
Hospitals which are prepared for natural hazards can treat the increased number of patients more effectively as well as protect existing ones.
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How does income affect vulnerability and resilience?
A population with food, water and health needs met will be better able to cope with a disaster.
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How does governance affect vulnerability and resilience?
Land-use planning (prevent habitation of high risk areas), monitoring equipment (give some warning), corruption (allowing unsafe buildings), accountability (more likely to prepare for hazards)
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How does population density affect vulnerability and resilience?
A densely populated area is more at risk as more people will be affected (more health care need, higher costs), there also might be more informal settlements which will be unsafe. Evacuation might also be difficult.
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How does isolation affect vulnerability and resilience?
If an isolated area is hit it may be less populated and so the impacts will be smaller, however (if more densely populated) it will be harder to get supplies/aid in, increasing vulnerability.
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How does urbanisation affect vulnerability and resilience?
Urban sprawl often causes informally constructed housing which will not be hazard resistant, underlying poverty may mean people lack food and water before a hazard hits. However urban areas do have more hospitals, emergency service etc.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How does education affect vulnerability and resilience?

Back

An educated population knows how to act during a disaster and so education reduces the number of deaths and injuries during hazard events. eg. The Great California Shake Out in the US helps prepare people for earthquakes in an annual practice.

Card 3

Front

How does housing affect vulnerability and resilience?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does healthcare affect vulnerability and resilience?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does income affect vulnerability and resilience?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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