Developing Speech

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Noam Chomsky: Language Acquisition Device (LAD) AKA Universal Grammar and Linguistic Universals
The human ability to acquire language in any culture is the same
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Alan Cruttenden: Importance of intonation
Compared adults and children's ability to predict football scores just by the intonation placed on words. Children up to 7 were less accurate whereas most adults were successful
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Pamella Grunwell: Phonological Acquisition Sequence
24 months: mostly plosives using mostly teeth and tongue and lips. Fricatives appear later because more control is needed to create such sounds
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Jean Berko and Roger Brown: Fis Phenomenon
Phonological errors made by children through substitution but couldn't realise their own error
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Katherine Nelson: Categorising first words
Naming (things/people), actions/events, describing/modifying things, personal/social
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Skinner: Behaviourism
Using operant conditioning (positive/negative) conditioning to help children acquire language through imitation and reinforcement
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Eve Clark: Basis of overextension
Physical qualities of objects and features e.g taste, sound, movement, shape, size and texture
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Leslie Rescorla: Division of overextension
Categorical oe: apple for all round fruit, analogical oe ball used for round fruits and mismatch statements saying 'duck' when looking at an empty pond
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Aitchison's stages of children's linguistic development
Labelling: understanding that objects can be labelled, Packaging: exploring what the labels can apply to (oe/ue), Network Building: vast understanding of relations of words
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Compared adults and children's ability to predict football scores just by the intonation placed on words. Children up to 7 were less accurate whereas most adults were successful

Back

Alan Cruttenden: Importance of intonation

Card 3

Front

24 months: mostly plosives using mostly teeth and tongue and lips. Fricatives appear later because more control is needed to create such sounds

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Phonological errors made by children through substitution but couldn't realise their own error

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Naming (things/people), actions/events, describing/modifying things, personal/social

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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