Determinists

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 18-09-14 15:18
Define DETERMINISM
Everything that happens has a cause or determining factor
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What did BENEDICT SPINOZA believe?
our perception that we are free is an illusion and that we are ignorant of the real causes of our actions
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Define RELATIVISM
is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration
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What is the CAUSALITY or CAUSAL PRINCIPLE?
Determinists believe in universal causation, they are not interested in what causes our actions, just that there is a cause. The causes of our actions may be varied, complex and consist of stages.
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What is REDUCTIONISM?
Says that our actions are no more than physical processes and brain activity. It is closely linked with science
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Give some INTERNAL causes of behaviour (5)
Genetics, Upbringing, Psychology, Experiences, Guilt
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Give some EXTERNAL causes of behaviour (6)
Society, Culture, Religion, Authority, Socio-economic background, Environment
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What do HARD DETERMINISTS believe?
That every event is determined by a pre-existent cause. we are not free and cannot be held morally responsible for our actions. We are not able to act in any other way because our actions have prior causes. It is meaningless to praise or blame people
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What do SOFT DETERMINISTS believe?
Events are subject to influence . Even if everything is determined part of what determines it is my own internal process of choosing. We can still be held responsible for our actions. We can be blamed or praised for out actions
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Card 2

Front

What did BENEDICT SPINOZA believe?

Back

our perception that we are free is an illusion and that we are ignorant of the real causes of our actions

Card 3

Front

Define RELATIVISM

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the CAUSALITY or CAUSAL PRINCIPLE?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is REDUCTIONISM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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