Describing case studies and HM case study

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  • Created by: jaaaz_v
  • Created on: 09-12-15 19:26
How many participants are involved in case studies?
An individual or a small and specific group of people
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What methods do they use?
Interviews, observations, and other relevant methods such as experiments and interviews with family members
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What is triangulation?
When the findings from each method are pooled together to look for themes and trends. It helps to generaliee the findings of different methods
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Over what sort of time period are they carried out?
Case studies normally happen over long periods of time (they're longitudinal). This means that they can occur over a number of weeks, months, or years
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What is the aim of case studies within the cognitive approach?
In cognitive psychology they're used to study brain damaged patients so that we can gain more knowledge of unique conditions. The findings of the studies are used to help the individual that's involved and to give more guidance on how to treat issues
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What other sort of methods might they use?
When assessing brain damaged patients memory etsts and brain scans can be used to test the effects of their damage
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Whos HM?
Henry Molaison
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Why did HM have brain surgery in the first place?
To diminish his symptoms of his severe epilepsy. His hippocampus was removed (located within the temporal lobe)
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What did he suffer from as a result of his surgery?
He was diagnosed with anterograde and retrograde amnesia.
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What was he unable to do because of this?
He was unable to recall memories from 19 months to 11 years prior to the surgery. He only remembered partial events after the age of 16 but nothing after the age of 25. His STM remained but he was unable to take this to his LTM
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Examples of what HM had no knowledge of include:
Current affairs and recent familt events (eg he had no recall of his fathers death)
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What methods did Milner use to gather in depth data on HM?
Interviews, tested on his recall of public events, neurological examinations, wisconsin card sorting test,, perceptual tasks, Mooney face perception task etc.
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What methods do they use?

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Interviews, observations, and other relevant methods such as experiments and interviews with family members

Card 3

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What is triangulation?

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Card 4

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Over what sort of time period are they carried out?

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Card 5

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What is the aim of case studies within the cognitive approach?

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