Depression

What did Lancaster 2016 investigate
Risk factors of MDD depression in pregnancy
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What did Pereira 2009 state as the most influential factors of MDD pregnancy
causal job, history of depression, illness in last year
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In Robertson 2004, what is the prevalence for postpartum depression
10-15%
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Who found that high neuroticism links to depression in pregnancy?
Kleathi 2015
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Who stated that women are 2x more likely to get depressed than males?
Kessler 1993
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Why did Kessler 1993 state that women are more likely to get depressed?
likely to seek help, in more abusive relationships, contraception
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which study stated that women faced depression more as they have fewer educational and salary opportunities than men?
Shrier, 2002
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What did Korstein 2002 say were the reasons for higher depression in women?
greater risk of anxiety and ED morbidity and seasonal effect
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Who found that girls have higher cognitive vulnerability so are more sensitive about their appearance?
Kostanski 1998
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who supported the findings in Kostanski 1998
Hankin 2001 - girls have more cognitive vulnerability
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what was coynes theory of interpersonal relationships
Supportive partner can decrease depression and new relationships can undo old ones
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Where does distraction activate to cause positive mood?
anterior left hemisphere
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who found that more women live in poverty and are single mothers?
Brown and moran 1997
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what was the limitation of Calmes method?
Self-report method - cant distinguish between co-rumination, self-disclosure and relationship satisfaction
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Engaging in behaviours and thoughts that focus on symptoms of distress and the causes and consequences is?
Rumination
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What did Hops 1995 find?
Girls are encouraged by their parents to express their feelings
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What did Kuebli 1995 find?
Young boys are told to suppress their feelings
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What % of people ruminate to a friend?
36
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what % of women did Howerton 2009 find to be misdiagnosed with depression?
50
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In Calmes' study, what relationships found gender differences in co-rumination?
friendships - peers
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Who found that parental co-rumination is linked to emmeshed relationships?
Waller 2005
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How did Angst 2005 say that women deal with depression?
Emotional release and religion
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What did friend-based corumination elevate in Calmes?
depressive symptomatology
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What personality traits did Goodwin 2004 find more common in women with depression?
Neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness
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What does Becks cognitive model say about depression?
caused by the triad of negative views, faulting information processing, irrational beliefs
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what model thought depression as secondary to maladaptive anxiety
Wolpes model of neurotic depression
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What did Pereira 2009 state as the most influential factors of MDD pregnancy

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causal job, history of depression, illness in last year

Card 3

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In Robertson 2004, what is the prevalence for postpartum depression

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Card 4

Front

Who found that high neuroticism links to depression in pregnancy?

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Card 5

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Who stated that women are 2x more likely to get depressed than males?

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