Depression

What do mood disorders include?
Bipolar disorders and depression
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What is a manic episode?
Continuous over-active behaviour lasting over a week
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How is a hypomanic episode different to a manic episode
It is less severe and is shorter
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What does major depressive disorder involve?
5 or more depressive symptoms for 2 weeks
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What is persistent depressive disorder (Dysthymia)?
Low mood and two other symptoms
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What is disruptive mood dysregulation disorder?
Severe temper and negative mood for at least 1 year
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What is subclinical depression?
Sadness and three other symptoms for 10 days
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What is the minimum amount of time to be diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder for adults?
2 years
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What is the lifetime prevalence of MDD in the UK?
14-25%
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What is co-morbid with MDD?
Anxiety
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What is the heritability estimate for MDD?
37%
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Which neurotransmitter is not involved with MDD?
Adrenaline
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What percentage of people report stressful life events in year prior to depression (Brown & Harris, 1989)?
42-67%
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What is rumination theory, outlined by Nolen-Hoeksema (1991)?
Repetitively dwelling on sad thoughts
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What does Transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression (rTMS) do?
Sends pulses of magnetic energy to limbic system structures
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What does Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) do?
Passes electrical currents through the brain
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What percentage of people were relieved of all their symptoms in Rush et al's (2006) study?
33%
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Card 2

Front

What is a manic episode?

Back

Continuous over-active behaviour lasting over a week

Card 3

Front

How is a hypomanic episode different to a manic episode

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does major depressive disorder involve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is persistent depressive disorder (Dysthymia)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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