Demography

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Birth rates
number of live births per 1000 of the population per year.
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Toatal fertility rate
the evergae number of children women will have during their fertile years. Risen since 2001 but still lower compared to the past. From 1.63 children per women in 2001 to 1.84 by 2006, but this is still lower then 2.95 in 1960's.
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Infant mortality rate
the number of infancts who dies before their first birthday per 1000 babies born alive per year.
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Brass and Kabir
the trend to smaller families began not in rural areas where IMR first began to fall bt in urban areas were IMR remained higher for longer.
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Death rate
the number of deaths per thousand of the population per year. 1900 death rate was 19, 2007 it is 10.
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N.L Tranter
ovr 3/4 of the decline in the death rate from about 1850-1970 was su to the decline in deaths due to infectious diseases.
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Thomas McKeown: improved nutrition
up to 1/2 the reduction of death rate is due to improved nutrition.
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Life expectancy
how long on average a person born in a given year can expect to live. It has increase; male born england 1900= 50 (57 for female) and male in 200-5 is 79.9 ( 81.2 for females)
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Ageing population
the average age of the UK population is rising it was 34.1, by 2007 it was 39.6 and by 2031 = 42.6. There are fewer younger people and more old people.
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Donald Hirsch
the age pyramid is disappearing and being replaced by more or less an equal block. eg. 2014= same number of 78 year olds as there will be 5 year olds.
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Griffiths Report.
care of elederly saw society facing the problem of meeting the esculating costs of health and scocial care for them.
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Peter Townsend
one reason for the negative attitudes towards the elderly in our society is that old age has been negatively socially constructed eg as a dependancy culture.
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Donald Hirsch
number of important social policies and trends will need to change to takel the new problems posed by an ageing population. ef finance- working for longer or paying more taxes when working.
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Immigration
refers to movement into an area or society.
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Emigration
refers to movement out of an area or scoiety.
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Net Migration
is the difference between the numbers immigrating and the numbers emigrating, it is expressed as a net increase or net decrease.
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Card 2

Front

the evergae number of children women will have during their fertile years. Risen since 2001 but still lower compared to the past. From 1.63 children per women in 2001 to 1.84 by 2006, but this is still lower then 2.95 in 1960's.

Back

Toatal fertility rate

Card 3

Front

the number of infancts who dies before their first birthday per 1000 babies born alive per year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the trend to smaller families began not in rural areas where IMR first began to fall bt in urban areas were IMR remained higher for longer.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the number of deaths per thousand of the population per year. 1900 death rate was 19, 2007 it is 10.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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