Demography 2

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  • Created on: 10-03-16 19:26
The no. of deaths in the UK has stayed stable since the 1900s. What figure has it stayed at?
600,000 per year.
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When were the 3 increases in deaths?
During the two World Wars and during the flu epidemic in 1918.
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When did it decline?
1950s
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Define the term 'death rate'.
Number of deaths PER THOUSAND of the population PER YEAR.
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What had happened by the 1950s regarding the main cause of death?
'Diseases of affluence' (e.g. heart disease/cancer etc.) had replaced infectious diseases as main cause of death.
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What age group do 'diseases of affluence' affect the most?
Middle aged and old more than the young.
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What did Tranter say regarding the reasons for the decline in death rate and when?
Tranter 1996 = main reason for drop in death rate is less people dying from infectious diseases (e.g. influenza, measles, TB etc.).
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What age group did infectious diseases affect the most?
Young - biggest drop was among children.
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What are the 4 main reasons for the fall in death rates?
Improved nutrition, medical improvements, improvements in environmental & public health measures and other social changes.
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Why has improved nutrition caused the death rate to fall?
Better nutrition improves the immune system meaning people are less likely to contract infections and survival chances are greater if they do.
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What are the issues surrounding this perspective?
Women used to get less food in the family than men but still lived longer and some cases of infectious diseases have increased.
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How have medical improvements caused a decline in the death rate?
Since 1950s, advances in medicine like vaccinations, antibiotics and blood transfusions have helped death rate drop. More recently, better medication and procedures like by-pass heart surgery+other developments have cut death rate by 1/3.
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How have public health measures and environmental improvements caused the death rate to fall?
20th century = more effective government = improved public health & environment - improved housing (less damp/overcrowded/better ventilation), improved sewage, pasteurised milk and introduced Clean Air Act (1956-1964).
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Why was the Clean Air Act passed?
London's Great Smog of 1952 in which 4000 people died over 5 days due to high levels of smog.
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Suggest a few other social changes that caused the decline in death rate.
Less people working in dangerous jobs like mining, smaller family sizes so reduced transmission of disease, greater public knowledge of causes of illness and higher incomes (allows people to live healthier lifestyles).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When were the 3 increases in deaths?

Back

During the two World Wars and during the flu epidemic in 1918.

Card 3

Front

When did it decline?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define the term 'death rate'.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What had happened by the 1950s regarding the main cause of death?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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