Demographic Trends - Migration

Migration
The number of people entering and leaving the uK.
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Internal Migration
People moving within tthe same country.
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International Migration
People moving to another country.
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Net Migration
Looks at difference between the number of people leaving and entering the UK in the space of the year.
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Trends
Increase since 1900. 2011- 14% of UK population was ethnic minorities. Suburbs become more affluent. Feminisation of migration.
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Explanations behind increasing Net Migration
Push factors- war, poverty,unemployment, dictatorships.
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Explanations behind increasing Net Migration
Pull factors- generous welfare state, outstanding education, high living standard, public services, job opertunities, weather.
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Explanations behind increasing Net Migration
Legislation on border controls- reduction of BC leads to encouraged higher levles of immigration. EG; after ww2 there were many vacent jobs.
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Explanations behind increasing Net Migration
Globalisation- easier to move due to transport.
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Impact of migration on wider society
Population size- increases, places pressure on housing.
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Impact of migration on wider society
Age structure- lowers average age of society. those wh locate tend to be younger and of child bearing age.
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Impact of migration on wider society
Dependency Ratio- due to migrants being younger they are employed and lower the dependency ratio.
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Impact of migration on wider society
Political Impact- multiculturalism. Shallow diversity and deep diversity. Assimilation.
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Impact of migration on wider society
Inequalities between migrants- citizens gained full rights, Denizens wealthy migrants who pay towards state and create jobs, Helots exploited by employers often low skilled minimum wage.
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Impact of increasing net migraion and internal migration on families and households
Increase in duel heritage and hybrid idnetities.
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Impact of increasing net migraion and internal migration on families and households
Tension within families- madood et al.
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Impact of increasing net migraion and internal migration on families and households
Cultural diversity with regards to family structure.
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Impact of increasing net migraion and internal migration on families and households
Extended families are becoming more dispersed
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

People moving within tthe same country.

Back

Internal Migration

Card 3

Front

People moving to another country.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Looks at difference between the number of people leaving and entering the UK in the space of the year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Increase since 1900. 2011- 14% of UK population was ethnic minorities. Suburbs become more affluent. Feminisation of migration.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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