Demographic Change

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What does the New Right believe the welfare system does?
Encourages people to not get married
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What did Lawson (2012) believe?
Paid maternity leave should be scrapped because it encourages women to go back to work part time & claim in work tax as they have a low pay
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What did Charles Murray link the welfare state to & why?
Unmarried women, illegitimate births, crime & refusal of young men to get jobs because they no longer need to be responsible for the children they father
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What happened to contraception in the 1960s and what did this mean?
It became more reliable and the contraceptive pill became available, meaning women could choose whether or not to have children
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What did Coast (2009) use to look at cohabitation and how did she define it?
The British Panel Survey & she defined it as a sexual but non-married relationship
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What reason did Morgan (2012) give for people choosing cohabitation
They are scared of having a divorce
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What did the Daily Mail find about cohabitation?
16% of people did not want to get married until they bought a house, 40% = can't afford a wedding. 25% of people thought marriage wasn't necessary
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What factors contribute to people living longer?
Improved living standards, better health care and effective sanitation
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What did the census show about men living alone?
Men who lived alone in 1981 were more likely to live alone in later life
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What did Smith et al & Chandler et al suggest about most older people?
Most older people living alone will not live with other people again
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What did Klinenberg (2012) believe?
Living alone is seen as a mark of success for most young people
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In what year did the divorce rate peak and what was the total?
1993 & 180,000
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What 3 key factors did Nicky Hart (1976) say contributed to increasing divorce rate?
Opportunities to escape marriage, Opportunities for increased conflict & stress, changing values concerning marriage
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What did Ronald Fletcher argue about marriage?
People expect more out of marriage and family life than they used to and couples are no longer prepared to be part of 'empty shell marriages'
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What did William Goode argue about marriage?
It has become an occurrence for more personal reasons
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What did Colin Gibson (1994) argue?
Modernism with its emphasis on individual achievement raises expectations of personal satisfaction
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What did Allan Crow (2001) argue?
Marriage is more a relationship than an agreement
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What did Mavis Hetherington (2002) say about divorce?
The negative effects of it have been exaggerated
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Why did Diana Grittins (1993) believe that divorced men are more likely to remarry than divorced women?
Divorced women are disillusioned with marriage
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What did Nicky Hart (1976) say has put a strain on marriages?
The rise in working women
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Lawson (2012) believe?

Back

Paid maternity leave should be scrapped because it encourages women to go back to work part time & claim in work tax as they have a low pay

Card 3

Front

What did Charles Murray link the welfare state to & why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened to contraception in the 1960s and what did this mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Coast (2009) use to look at cohabitation and how did she define it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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