Democracy and Participation- Key Terms

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  • Created by: KW
  • Created on: 10-11-13 19:51
Democracy
Rule by the people or ' people power'.
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Representative democracy
Where citizens elect representatives to formulate legislation and take other decisions on their behalf.
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Direct democracy
Where citizens are given a direct input into the decision -making process.
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Referendum
A vote on a single issue put to the public ballot by the government of the day. Referendums offer a degree of direct democracy. They are generally framed in the form of a simple yes/no question
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Initiative
A process by which citizens can call a referendum, normally by collecting a predetermined number of signatures on a petition.
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Recall
A device that allows citizens to unseat an elected official before the end of their term in office.
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Political participation
Collectively refers to the range of ways in which citizens can involve themselves in the political process.
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Franchise
The right to vote as established by parliamentary statute. The vast majority of adult UK citizens have the right to vote.
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Turnout
The percentage of registered voters who cast a ballot in a given election.
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Canvassing
Where local party activists go from door to door in an effort to assess (ie canvass) the strength of support and win over floating voters.
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Participation crisis
The view that declining levels of political participation in the UK threaten to undermine its democratic systems.
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POWER inquiry
An inquiry into the state of political participation in the UK initiated by the Joseph Rowntree Trust. This resulted in the POWER report: Power to the People: The Report of Power- An Independent inquiry into Britain'd Democracy.
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Subsidiarity
The principle that decisions should be taken at the lowest tier of government possible.
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e-democracy
The greater use of the internet, mobile phones and other electronic media as a means of enhancing the operation of existing political institutions and processes, and encouraging greater political participation.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where citizens elect representatives to formulate legislation and take other decisions on their behalf.

Back

Representative democracy

Card 3

Front

Where citizens are given a direct input into the decision -making process.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A vote on a single issue put to the public ballot by the government of the day. Referendums offer a degree of direct democracy. They are generally framed in the form of a simple yes/no question

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A process by which citizens can call a referendum, normally by collecting a predetermined number of signatures on a petition.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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