democracy and participation- democracy

what is direct democracy?
individuals express their opinions themselves
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what is representative democracy?
people elect representatives who take decisisons on their behalf
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features of direct democracy
not elective, individuals express opinions themselves, citizens are more active in decision-making
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features of representative democracy?
citizens pass their authority to their representatives
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advantages of direct democracy
encourages popular particpation by expecting people to take their duties seriously, developes a sense of community and encourages a genuine debate
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disadvantages of direct democracy
impractical in a large modern state where decision-making is complicated, most people dont feel qualified, open to maniulation
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advantages of representative democracy
practical system in a large complex state, professional representatives have more knowledge and experience to make decisions
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disadvantages of representative democracy
may lead to reduced participation as people choose to hand over responsiblity, parties are often run by elites pursuing own agenda, politicians may be corrupt or incompetent
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example of direct democracy used in representaive system
national referendum
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the UK positive democratic features
free media that challenges the goverment, wide range of parties and pressure groups free and fair elections
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the uk undemocratic features
house of lords lacks democratic legitimacy, under-representation of minority viewpoints due to the voting system
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measuring participation- voter turnout
failling turnout means that goverments are elected on a reduced share of the popular vote, thus calling the strength of their mandate into question
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is there a crisis of participation-no!
there are less formal ways for people to get involved in politics e.g pressure groups, demonstations, social media
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is there a crisis of participation- yes!
the rise of new forms of political engagement is a cause of concern as less are involved in traditional politics
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what is politcal apathy?
a lack of intrerest of awareness of politcal issues that affect society- may account for low turnout
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what should be done to reform the system?
compulsory voting, electronic voting, voting age reduced to 16
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voting should be made compulsory
voting is a social duty and right, people should be involved in the processes that affect their lives, produce a parliment that is more representative of the population as a whole
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voting should not be made compulsory
undemocratic to force people to take part in something that should be a matter of choice, does not adress the deeper reasons why people dont vote
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who can't vote in the UK?
prisioners, members of the house of lords
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what is suffrage?
the ability or right to vote in public elections
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legitmacy
the legal right to exercise power, a goverments right to rule following an election
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

people elect representatives who take decisisons on their behalf

Back

what is representative democracy?

Card 3

Front

not elective, individuals express opinions themselves, citizens are more active in decision-making

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

citizens pass their authority to their representatives

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

encourages popular particpation by expecting people to take their duties seriously, developes a sense of community and encourages a genuine debate

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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