Democracies

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Features of a modern democracy?
peaceful transition of power. free and fair elections. free press and media (will levenson enquiry limit this?). gov accountable to the people. high degree freedom. toleration. equality. gov operates in the interest of the people.
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Features of a liberal democracy?
pluralism. limited gov. non secrative government. independant judiciary.
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Features of a pluralist democracy?
multiple associations allowed to operate. free opposition. toleration. many sources of independant info. power is dispersed among diff individuals and institutions rather than centrilised.
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Factors affecting participation?
Age. Gender. Ethnicity. Location. Socialisation. Social Class.
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why has party participation declined?
pressure groups reflect one issue and there is more trust. disenchantment. disillusioned. apathetic.
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does participation matter? give several reason for YES
people hold ministers to account- an informed electorate will see through being decieved. Damger of increasing alienation. Counters extremism, apathy and alienation.
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does participation matter? give several reason for NO
different priorites and other things to worry about. cannot force. people participate in high levels of crisis.
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party identification theory?
PARTISANSHIP. people learn their political attitudes growing up. children influenced by their parents. loyalties established.
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rational choice theory
ECONOMY
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dominant ideology theory
MEDIA.
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Sociological theory
SOCIAL CLASS
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Short-Term Factors affecting participation
Economy, events, party image, media, party leaders, campaigns.
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Long-term factors affecting participation
Age, gender, ethnicity, social class and party identification/loyalties.
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describe voting patterns post-war to 1970s
stable. uniform swing. predictable electorate. two-party dominated. high turnout. strong class alliances. strong long-term allegiances. voting for a party was an instincitive thing,
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post 1970s
volatile electorate, apathy, disenchantment, disillusionment, large swings, more scope for third parties, less class differences, less long-term interests and loyalties. less relevance. fickle minds made up at the last minute.
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by election voting behaviour
way of protesting against current gov. charicteristic lower turnout. tactical votes.
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Local councils
dont view as singular issue, we view it in the context of the current gov. lower turnout. apathy.
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devolved elections
lower turnout. more complex.
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european election
not looked on in isolation, lower turnout. no prospect of change. disinterest. little excitement. little media interest.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Features of a liberal democracy?

Back

pluralism. limited gov. non secrative government. independant judiciary.

Card 3

Front

Features of a pluralist democracy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Factors affecting participation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why has party participation declined?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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