Deindividuation - Aggression

HideShow resource information
Name the psychologists involved in the development of the theory
Zimbardo, Prentice-Dunn and Rogers
1 of 21
How did Zimbardo describe individual behaviour?
He said that it is rational and it conforms to accepted social standards
2 of 21
How did Zimbardo describe deindividuated behaviour?
he said it is primitive and does not conform.
3 of 21
How does Zimbardo suggest we become deindividuated?
We become deindividuated due to anonymity within a group.
4 of 21
What causes this feeling of anonymity?
darkness, uniforms or a hidden face (hoody)
5 of 21
What doe this feeling of anonymity reduce?
feelings of guilt
6 of 21
What did Prentice-Dunn and Rogers theory focus on?
it focused on private self awareness.
7 of 21
What is public self awareness related to?
anonymity
8 of 21
What is private self awareness related to?
anti-social behaviour
9 of 21
What does private self awareness mean?
it means you act according to your own moral standards.
10 of 21
What happens to your private self awareness when you are in a group situation?
you become less privately aware and more focused/influenced by external cues.
11 of 21
What are the ethical issues surrounding the theory? (IDA)
it is unethical to experimentally manipulate deindividuated behaviour as it would involve lowering someones private self awareness which could lead to anti-social behaviour.
12 of 21
What are the implications of the ethical issues?
It makes it very difficult to conduct scientific research into the theory and makes it hard to draw conclusions about the precise role of deindividuation in aggressive behaviour.
13 of 21
Name two pieces of research conducted into the theory
Zimbardo and Watson
14 of 21
What did Zimbardo find?
that ppts who were 'anonymous' shocked the confederate for longer (more painfully) than the control group.
15 of 21
How does Zimbardos research support the theory?
it shows that by putting the ppts in uniform (lab coat) they lost their private self awareness and felt anonymous. they experienced reduced feelings of guilt and displayed more anti-social behaviour.
16 of 21
What did Watson find?
found that warriors who depersonalised themselves with face paints/masks were more likely to torture, kill or mutilate their captured enemies.
17 of 21
How does Watsons research support the theory?
it shows that by wearing a type of uniform and hiding their face the warriors lost their private self view and were influenced by external cues (the violence associated with war). due to anonymity they had reduced feelings of guilt towards the enemy
18 of 21
What are four good things about the Zimbardo study? (AO3)
It was LAB-BASED and therefore it was REPLICABLE, RELIABLE and CAUSE AND EFFECT could be established.
19 of 21
What was an issue with Zimbardo's study? (AO3)
the study was a replication of milgrams obedience study, therefore there is an issue with internal validity - is it really testing the theory of deindividuation?
20 of 21
What are some practical applications of the theory? (wider evaluation)
it can be used to reduce aggression within public areas and events. by restricting the wearing of hoodies for example in city centres levels of anti-social behaviour (according to the theory) should decrease.
21 of 21

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did Zimbardo describe individual behaviour?

Back

He said that it is rational and it conforms to accepted social standards

Card 3

Front

How did Zimbardo describe deindividuated behaviour?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does Zimbardo suggest we become deindividuated?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What causes this feeling of anonymity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Aggression resources »