Definitions Quiz

  • Created by: Alice
  • Created on: 06-05-14 17:06
What is the correct definition of stroke?
A rapidly occurring focal disturbance of cerebral function with presumed vascular origin that lasts more than 24 hours
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What are the four causes of ischaemic stroke?
Embolism, thrombosis, system hyperfusion, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis
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What are the two hypes of hemorrhagic stroke?
Intracerebral, intracranial
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What is the definition of a TIA and what is the difference from stroke?
An episode of tempoary cerebral dysfunction caused by impaired blood flow to the head that usually lasts only a few minutes and resolved in less than 24 hours
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What is cerebral shock?
Cerebral hypoperfusion is when the blood supply to the brain is decreased, it is often associated with cerebral hypoxia
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Broca's is responsible for X and Wernicke's is responsible for Y
X)Expressive, motor y)Receptive, comprehension
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Wernicke's area is located in the
Tempora-parateial lobe
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Broca's area is located in the
Pre-motor area of the left frontal lobe.
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Aphasia is
Inability to communicate. Either broca's or wernicke's are affected. Understanding and use of correct words in writing or speaking.
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Dysarthria
Motor disorder of speech characterised by poor articulation. Difficulty in producing or sustaining range, force, speed and coordination of movements. This affects breathing, phonation, resonance and articulation.
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Dysphagia is
Difficulty with swallowing due to disruption in the swallowing process.
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Dyskinesia is
Involuntary movement disorder distinguished by the underlying cause e.g myoclonus, dystonia, tremor
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Dysmetria is
Lack of coordination of movement typified by the undershoot and/or overshoot of intended position
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Autonomic dysreflexia is
Overactivity of the ANS in response to an irritating stimulus below the level of the spinal chord injury e.g Full bladder Symptoms occur as a reflex is activated that increases the sympathetic portion of the ANS. Increased spasms and BP
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What are some of the aims of ICF?
Multi-purpose tool for varying disciplines, MDT communication, scientific basis for heatlh
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the four causes of ischaemic stroke?

Back

Embolism, thrombosis, system hyperfusion, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

Card 3

Front

What are the two hypes of hemorrhagic stroke?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the definition of a TIA and what is the difference from stroke?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is cerebral shock?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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