Definitions of abnormality

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Define deviations from social norms
Refers to deviant bahaviours - it is behaviour that is considered to be anti-social or undesirable from the social norms that are set within a society
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What are limitations to deviations to social norms?
Susceptible to abuse - social norms change over periods of time Deviance is related to context and degree - context = nearly no clothes on a beach is accptable but in classroom not Cultural Relativism - deviations from norms depends on culture
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Define 'failure to function adequately'
not being able to cope with everyday life as a disorder interferes with daily functioning
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What are limitations of failing to function adequately ?
Someone needs to decide if you aren't - you may think your beahviour is normal and you are coping however someone else may see your behaviour as abnormal (schizophrenics often feel they are fine)
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What are limitations to failing to function adequately?
Some behaviour can be adaptive - eating disorder may lead to welcomed attention, Cultural Relativism = peoples views on how life should be lived differs between cultures
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What is abnormality?
psychological condition or behaviour that departs from the norm or is harmful to the individual and those around them
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Deviation from ideal mental health definition?
abnormality is seen as deviating from an ideal mental health. Ideal menatl health icludes a positive attitudet owards the self, resistance to stress and an accurate perception of reality
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Who pointed out what defines a physical illness?
Marie Jahoda - by looking for the absence of these 6 signs implies that someone has a mental health problem
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What are the 6 signs?
Slef attitudes (having a high self esteem) Personal Growth and Self-Actualisation (developing to full potential) Intergration (coping with stress) Autonomy (independence) Having an Accurate Perception on Reality & Mastery of Environment
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What are the limitations of this model?
Not any one person really fits all the criteria, you cannot judge mental health in the same way as physical health (lack of signs) & Cultural Relativism
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What case study is there on abnormality?
Robert an underweight 8 year old who had severe anxiety of school - although he was well liked and athletic and bright he was petrified of school for fear of being separated from his mother -
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What were Roberts actions?
Not eating the night before school, throwing up if he did eat, waking up hours before school and pacing, crying on the way to school, having to be pushed out of the house
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What definition of abnormality is Robert?
Deviation from ideal mental health
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Card 2

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What are limitations to deviations to social norms?

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Susceptible to abuse - social norms change over periods of time Deviance is related to context and degree - context = nearly no clothes on a beach is accptable but in classroom not Cultural Relativism - deviations from norms depends on culture

Card 3

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Define 'failure to function adequately'

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Card 4

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What are limitations of failing to function adequately ?

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Card 5

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What are limitations to failing to function adequately?

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