unit 1 definitions module 1 (VK)

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  • Created by: charlie
  • Created on: 04-01-15 21:53
delocalised electrons
electrons shared between more than 2 atoms
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addition reaction
reactant added to unsaturated molecule to make saturated molecule
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substitution reaction
atom / group of atoms replaced with different atom / group on atoms
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electrophile
atom(s) attracted to electron rich centre, accepts pair of electrons to form new covalent bond
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electrophilic substitution
electrophile attracted to electron rich centre
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functional group
part of organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions
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nucleophile
atom(s) attracted to electron deficient centre, donates pair of electrons to form new covalent bond
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esterification
alcohol + carboxylic acid --> ester + water
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hydrolysis
reactions with water or hydroxide ions that breaks chemical compound into two compounds
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LDL
responsible for carrying cholesterol and triglycerides from liver to tissues
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HDL
remove cholesterol from arteries and transport back to liver for excretion or reutilisation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

reactant added to unsaturated molecule to make saturated molecule

Back

addition reaction

Card 3

Front

atom / group of atoms replaced with different atom / group on atoms

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

atom(s) attracted to electron rich centre, accepts pair of electrons to form new covalent bond

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

electrophile attracted to electron rich centre

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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