Definitions 2

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What is a quota?
Minimum number of votes required to capture a seat
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What is a mandate?
The right of the government to pursue the policies it sets out in its general election manifesto
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What is a proportional system?
Produces a close fit between votes and seats
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What are wasted votes?
A vote for a losing candidate in a single member constituency
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What is threshold?
Minimum share of the vote which a political party requires to secure any representation
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What is a majoritarian system?
Winning candidate must have absolute majority (50%+1 vote)
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What is a plurality system?
Winner only needs one more than closest rival, not a majority
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What is a referendum?
One-off vote on a specific issue of public policy - simply a 'yes' or 'no' answer to a question
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What is a general election?
The election of MPs to the House of Commons from constituencies throughout the country
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What is a local election?
The election of local councillors. Some towns and cities also have directly elected mayors
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What is a European election?
Election of MEPs to the European Parliament
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What is a coalition?
A government made up of more than one political party
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What is a grand coalition?
Two largest political parties of opposing political ideologies unite in a coalition government
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What is a multi-party coalition?
A coalition of many parties
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What is a minority government?
A government formed by a political party that does not have an overall majority
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What is a hybrid system?
Combines elements of all systems - some MPs elected in single member constituencies, remainder elected by Proportional Representation
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What is proportionality?
Number of seats won is proportionate to the number of votes they received
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What is a stable government?
Secure and hard to overthrow - majority party are happy and minority do not have the power to overthrow them
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What is voter choice?
System of voting where voters list the candidates in order of preference
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What is MP constituency link?
Link between elected politicians and their constituencies - their concerns are articulated
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What is popular vote?
The act of voting by the electorate of a country or area
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What are marginal constituencies?
Constituency held with a small majority - only require a small swing to change hands and are typically targets for campaign resources
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a mandate?

Back

The right of the government to pursue the policies it sets out in its general election manifesto

Card 3

Front

What is a proportional system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are wasted votes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is threshold?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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