Definitions

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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 26-04-16 10:04
Voiceless
Where the vocal folds do not vibrate.
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Voiced
Where the vocal folds vibrate very rapidly.
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Bilabial
A consonant articulated with both lips.
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Dental
A consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth.
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Velar
A consonant articulated with the back part of the tongue against the velum.
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Labiodental
A consonant articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
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Alveolar
A consonant articulated with tongue on/near the alveolar ridge.
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Post-alveolar
A consonant articulated with the tongue on the back of the alveolar ridge, further back than alveolar consonants.
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Palatal
A consonant articulated with the middle part of the tongue against the hard palate.
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Uvular
A consonant articulated with the back of the tongue near or against the uvula.
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Labial-velar
A consonant doubly articulated at the lips and velum.
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Front
The tongue is furtherest at the front as possible without making a constriction for a consonant.
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Back
A vowel that is articulated with the tongue at the back of the mouth, without making a constriction.
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Plosive
Plosive consonants have a closure phase, during which the air flow out the mouth is stopped by an occlusion, made between two articulators, followed by a sudden release of air (plosion).
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Fricative
Fricative consonants are made when there is a major obstruction to the oral cavity passage, leaving a very narrow passage for the air to flow through, so that molecules of air are disturbed and audible friction is the result.
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Nasal
Nasal consonants where there is a stop of air through the oral cavity, but continued flow through the nasal cavity.
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Trill
Trill is produced when there are periodic interruptions of the flow of air, either at the alveolar ridge [r] or at the uvular [R]
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Approximant
Approximant consonants are produced when there is an obstruction in the oral cavity (slighter wider gap in the oral cavity than for a fricative); the air flows out over the centre of the tongue.
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Lateral approximant
Lateral approximant is similar to an approximant, but the air flows around the sides of the tongue.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where the vocal folds vibrate very rapidly.

Back

Voiced

Card 3

Front

A consonant articulated with both lips.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A consonant articulated with the back part of the tongue against the velum.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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