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Dopamine
one of the chemicals that carry messages between brain cells. evidence that too much dopamine can help in the development of schizophrenia
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Antipsychotics
first treatment for schizophrenia, block the effect of dopamine on the brain. given as a pill or injection
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Polys
"small growths"- occur in cases of bowel cancer, first development
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Chemotherapy
given after surgery to destroy cells that were not removed by tablet. given as injection or tablet directly into the intravenous vein
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Radiotherapy
high energy beams of radiation to help destroy cancer cells, this helps to prevent the cancer from returning
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Resection
surgery to treat rectal cancer
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Laparoscopy
surgery to treat rectal cancer
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Colectomy
surgery to treat colon cancer
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Ileostomy / Colostomy
given after surgery to treat bowel cancer, artificial opening in the abdominal wall- bag (stoma)
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CT Scans
computerised tomography / x-ray pictures from different angles
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MRI Scans
magnetic resonance imaging / use powerful magnets to build up a detailed picture
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Chlamydia Trachomatis
bacteria that causes chlamydia
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pelvic inflammatory disease
if chlamydia is left untreated this may develop
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intravenous
intravenous vein in which chemotherapy will be directly infused
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Neiserria Gonorrhoeae
bacteria that causes gonorrhoea
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Gonococcus
bacteria that causes gonorrhoea
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Sigmoidoscopy
use a tube to look inside the lower part of the large bowel in order to detect and diagnose bowel cancer
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Protoscopy
use a tube to look into the rectum in order to detect and diagnose bowel cancer
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Biopsies
if you have any abnormal areas the doctor or nurse can take samples, known as biopsies
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Bevacizumab
biological therapy drugs used to treat advanced bowel cancer
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Mesentery
rectal cancer-surgeon usually removes the sheet of body tissue that covers the bowel
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Cetuximab
biological therapy drugs used to treat advanced bowel cancer
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Mammogram
X-Ray test (breast screening) can spot cancers that are too small to see or feel
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Types of Breast cancer...
invasive / non-invasive / secondary / invasive lobular
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Hormone Therapy
lowering hormone levels in your body or by stopping their effects
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Lumpectomy
removal of a cancerous lump (breast conserving surgery)
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Mastectomy
Removal of breast. tissue and ****** are all removed
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Axilla
(armpit) - clearance of lymph nodes can be from axilla if the cancer has spread
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Spirometry
breath test carried out to test how well the lungs work, taking deep breath and exhaling as fast as you can
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Peak Expiratory Flow Test
measure how fast you can blow air out of your lungs in one breath
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Airways Responsiveness
diagnoses asthma when other tests are not clear. measures how airways react when they come into contact with a trigger
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Atrial Fibrillation
irregular heartbeat
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Mucous Membrane
tissue which secretes mucus, causes the spread of herpes
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Azithromycin
short term antibiotic used to treat chlamydia. usually given as injection or by tablet
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Doxycycline
longer course of antibiotic used to treat chlamydia
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FOB Test
foecul occult blood test, used for screening bowel cancer
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Colonoscopy
doctor uses a thin long tube (colonoscope) to look at the inner lining of your large intestine and diagnose bowel cancer
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Ultrasound Scan
uses high frequency sound waves to create an image of the inside of the body
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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
type of stroke caused by bleeding on the surface of the brain
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Preventers
contain a low does of steroids called corticosteroids, prevent asthma symptoms by reducing swelling and inflammation of the airways
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Relievers
give you on the spot relief from symptoms of asthma, should be carried at all times in case of emergency
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Orchidectomy
surgical procedure in which one or both of the testicles are removed
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Angina
chest pain that occurs when the blood supply to the muscles of the heart is restricted, usually a symptom of coronary heart disease
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Coronary Angiography
test that uses special x-rays to show the insides of your coronary arteries
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Atheroma
fatty deposits that form in the arteries
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Coronary Angioplasty
treatment to widen narrowed sections of the heart
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BMI
body mass index- calculator to determine a healthy weight and lifestyle
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

first treatment for schizophrenia, block the effect of dopamine on the brain. given as a pill or injection

Back

Antipsychotics

Card 3

Front

"small growths"- occur in cases of bowel cancer, first development

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

given after surgery to destroy cells that were not removed by tablet. given as injection or tablet directly into the intravenous vein

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

high energy beams of radiation to help destroy cancer cells, this helps to prevent the cancer from returning

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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