Definition and Measurement of Crime & Deviance

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1. What two types of controls do functionalists relate to crime and deviance?

  • Formal (Laws) and informal (Norms) social controls - Clearly define what deviant behaviour is in most social situations
  • Primary (Laws) and secondary (Norms) social controls - Clearly define what deviant behaviour is in most social situations
  • Formal (Laws) and informal (Norms) - vaguely define what deviant behaviour is in most social situations
  • The X button and the Y button - Dictate all movement in game
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2. What do interactionalists think of the functionalist definition of deviance?

  • WAY too funky, their more into Kpop, VK and Vocaloid ;3
  • They disagree with it as defintions of normal/deviant behaviour are relative social constructs which are interpreted differently due to factors like individual viewpoint, social context, time/place and culture
  • They agree with most of it (Core values) but feel it ignores class differences
  • They fully agree with it as society has set of core values (Value Consensus/collective conscious) and the more behaviour differs from them, the more it is seen as deviant

3. What is meant by the term objectivity in sociology?

  • Research conclusions are independant of a sociologists personal values e.g morals or political preferences, this is ideal but in reality it is difficult to be truly value free
  • Research conclusions are independant of a sociologists personal values e.g morals or political preferences, this is ideal and it is not difficult to be truly value free
  • Research conclusions are dependant on a sociologists personal values e.g morals or political preferences, this is ideal but in reality it is difficult to not be value free
  • When sociologists study objects and their complex social lives e.g the furniture in the Beast's castle, did you know the candal faces racism and the teapot is a single mom! Plus the wardrob has rage issues! Yikes!

4. What do Marxists argue the law functions to do?

  • Protect ruling class interests and to criminalise the working class so their control through policing can be justified
  • Protect working class interests and to criminalise the ruling class so their control through policing can be justified
  • Protect all society's interests and to criminalise the working class so their control through policing can be justified
  • Let Phoenix Wright always beat his lover Edgeworth in court! ;) OBJECTION! OVERULED!

5. How do Marxists explain definitions of deviancy in society?

  • Its all based on what marx you get on your Chunin exam! Study hard young ninja!
  • No true consensus and extreme inequality means the bourgeoisie impose their defintions of crime and deviance on lower groups who may threaten their power
  • No true consensus and extreme inequality means the proletariat impose their defintions of crime and deviance on lower groups who may threaten their power
  • There is a consensus but slight inequality means the bourgeoisie impose their defintions of crime and deviance on lower groups who may threaten their power

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