Debates - Social control

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  • Created by: Raachel
  • Created on: 30-03-14 11:16
what is social control and how does it link to psychology?
-refers to the regulation of people's behaviour for social purposes (productive member of society) & help individual. - psychological understanding & techniques are used to regulate our behaviour. -involves moral and practical issues.
1 of 20
name three methods of social control that use psychological knowledge
drug therapy, token economy programmes, aversion therapy
2 of 20
how is drug therapy used in social control?
-widespread uses + seen as v.positive in some areas. -overcome drug dependency by giving sub. with fewer side effects. (methadone for heroin). -may be used to treat mental disorders.
3 of 20
give an example of drug therapy used to treat addictions and explain why it is used.
methadone is a substitute for heroin because it does not have as strong withdrawal symptoms.
4 of 20
Give short examples of the ethical implications of drug therapy.
improve quality of life, side effects, free choice, social pressure, drug addict allowed to exercise own free will? most effective? animal testing, may not understand side effects/consequences
5 of 20
give short examples of the practical implications of drug therapy.
forget to take medication/avoid due to side effects, requires commitment to regular treatment, side effects, effectiveness may wear off, invest time for counselling, move away from peer group
6 of 20
discuss the power of the practitioner in drug therapy.
-which drug is chosen. -addict chose to attend treatment sessions, can go back to original environments & drug use so have ultimate power
7 of 20
how are token economy programmes used in social control?
involve rewarding desired behaviour + ignoring undesired behaviour = shape behaviour. based on principles of operant conditioning & is a form of behaviour modification.
8 of 20
give short examples of the ethical implications of token economy programmes.
benefiting individuals? staff decide on desired behaviour, infringe on human rights because must change behaviour for reward, reward may involve something necessary, in institutions have very little free will, patronising
9 of 20
give short examples of the practical implications of token economy programmes.
loss of shaped behaviour outside institution, behaviour has not actually changed, rewards that every ppt wants, staff must stick to the same reward system for the same behaviours
10 of 20
discuss the power of the practitioner in drug therapy.
-staff running & implementing programme, trouble consenting to/withdrawing from programme because institutionalised. -once out, can choose for themselves
11 of 20
how is aversion therapy used in social control?
-uses classical conditioning principles to condition an aversive response to something undesired. -done via pairing. - e.g. using an emetic drug to lead someone to pair alcohol with vomiting
12 of 20
give short examples of the ethical implications of aversion therapy
- pressured into treatment, unpleasant experience. - stops bad habits, building good relationships, informed consent/right to withdraw.
13 of 20
give short examples of the practical implications of aversion therapy
-little equipment + low costs. - difficulties because still needs to be able to drink non-alcoholic drinks without feeling sick, difficulty building good relationships with therapist
14 of 20
discuss the power of the practitioner in aversion therapy
- has power & control - clients can withdraw from their therapy, are involved in process of planning to develop a scheme which will work towards a desired goal
15 of 20
what are the five types of powers a therapist is perceived as having?
legitimate power, reward power, expert power, referent power, coercive power
16 of 20
what is legitimate power?
legitimate power is given to the therapist because they are shaping behaviour and so are acting as agents of society.
17 of 20
what is reward power?
reward power is held by the therapist because they can reward a client with praise or rewards, such as tokens
18 of 20
what is expert power?
expert power is held by the therapist because they are viewed as an expert in their field, having knowledge in a specific area of study
19 of 20
what is referent power?
referent power may be given to a therapist by a client because the therapist appears to have skills and knowledge that the client wants
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

name three methods of social control that use psychological knowledge

Back

drug therapy, token economy programmes, aversion therapy

Card 3

Front

how is drug therapy used in social control?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

give an example of drug therapy used to treat addictions and explain why it is used.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give short examples of the ethical implications of drug therapy.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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