Debates - Ethnocentrism

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  • Created by: Raachel
  • Created on: 30-03-14 14:10
what is ethnocentrism?
ethnocentrism is using one's own culture as the benchmark to judge the behaviour of those in other cultures. means psychologists ignore views,values,lang or culture of another society. use own frame of reference & see other cultures through own eyes
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relate generalisation of results to ethnocentrism
generalising the findings from a study conducted in one culture to all cultures without qualification can be seen as ethnocentric. e.g. views about the signs & symptoms of mental disorders in the DSM are based on white male experiences
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how is the understanding of ethnocentrism useful in therapies?
RET and CBT reply on practitioner having an empathetic and non-judgemental relationship with the client, so that the client's world view is the focus rather than the practitioners.
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how is the understanding of ethnocentrism useful in diagnosis?
clinicians need to be aware of ethnocentrism when diagnosing mental disorders. e.g. hearing voices may a sign of schizophrenia in one culture but in another there may be a spiritual reason
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what is cultural relativism?
cultural relativism means being sure that findings from research in a culture are understood with regards to the norms and beliefs of the culture from which they came.
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give two problems related to ethnocentrism
1. many cultures accuse the USA of imposing their own etic onto other cultures. 2. can cause conlict & misunderstanding > lead to acts of aggression between groups
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give three examples of research which is culturally biased.
1. DSM 2. Freuds theory of gender development 3.Milgram
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what is an etic approach to cross cultural research?
etic approach whereby similarities are looked for between cultures, by studying each culture as an outsider.
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what is an emic approach to cross cultural research?
emic approach whereby the focus is on an individual culture from the perspective of an insider
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what are the two main advantages of keeping the methodology of cross cultural research the same?
- can show whether characteristics are universal or unique to a particular culture. - shows whether nature or nurture is responsible for that characteristic
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relate generalisation of results to ethnocentrism

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generalising the findings from a study conducted in one culture to all cultures without qualification can be seen as ethnocentric. e.g. views about the signs & symptoms of mental disorders in the DSM are based on white male experiences

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how is the understanding of ethnocentrism useful in therapies?

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how is the understanding of ethnocentrism useful in diagnosis?

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what is cultural relativism?

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