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When was the WW1?
Between 1914 and 1918
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When was WW2?
Between 1939 and 1945
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When was the Cold War?
Between 1945 and1991
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Why was the cold war a new kind of conflict?
The USA and USSR never declared war upon the other or had their soldiers face one another in battle. A lot of the time there was a cold peace between Russia and America because they knew WW3 would be a nuclear one and this kind of war is unwinnable
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How did the cold war have many characteristics and features of a war?
Both countries were spying on each other and their governments used propaganda to persuade their own citizens that they were under threat from the other, that the military build up was necessary&that their enemies were evil& needed to fought/defeated
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What was the grand alliance?
A marriage of alliance between the communists(USSR) and capitalist(USA and other countries) only usnited in their goal to stop their common enemy Hitler, formed in 1941 during WW2.
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What are the differences between Capitalism and Communism
Capitalism focuses on Individual rights, individual freedom, free trade and a democracy whilst Communism values the rights of the working class, Equality a government planned economy and communist party controlled government
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What were the dates, key figures at the Tehran conference?
28th nov-dec 1st 1943(during ongoing WW2). Key figures= Big 3(Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin)
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What problems were there at the Tehran conference?
The Big three didn't agree on Germany's future. Stalin wanted Germany to give up territory and pay reparations but roosevelt&churchill argued that for Europe needed a prosperous germany because WW2's root cause were Germany's economic problems
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What was the USSR's sphere of influence?
An area where Communism was respected and the USSR held influence
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When was the Yalta conference and who were the key figures?
The Big 3 and it was on the 4th-11th Feb 1945
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What was decided about Germany in the Potsdam Conference?
Berlin and Germany would be split into 4 sectors, each will be occupied by one of the 4 allies. Germany will be reduced by 25% of its size, have free election, press & speech. Germans living in Eastern Europe will be transferred to Germany.
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What was decided about the Nazis in the Potsdam conference?
The Nazi party will be dissolved and banned. Known Nazis will be removed from important positions. Leading Nazis will be put on trial for war crimes(held in Nuremberg in 1946).
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When was the Potsdam Conference and who were the key figures?
17 July- 2nd August 1945. Atlee, Truman, Stalin
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What had changed since the Yalta conference?
Roosevelt had died on 12 April and was succeeded by Harry Truman who wasn't as easy with stalin. By July the USA had developed the Atomic bomb and no longer depended on the USSR in the war against Japan. Clement Atlee replaced Churchill.
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What was decided about Reparations?
Each ally would take reparations from the sector of Germany it was in control of. Stalin's sector was poorer with less industry, so it was agreed that the USSR could have 25% of the industrial equipment.
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what was the condition for the USSR to take 25% of the industrial equipment from the western allies?
It would have to be paid for with East German raw materials such as coal
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Card 2

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When was WW2?

Back

Between 1939 and 1945

Card 3

Front

When was the Cold War?

Back

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Card 4

Front

Why was the cold war a new kind of conflict?

Back

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Card 5

Front

How did the cold war have many characteristics and features of a war?

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