DANNENBERG test

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What was the aim of Dannenberg's study?
To review the impact of passing a law requiring cycle helmet wearing in children.
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What was the design and type of experiment used?
Independent measures design. A quasi experiment as the experimenter couldn't control the law so the IV is naturally occurring.
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Where was the research conducted and what was the age requirement for wearing a helmet?
Conducted in Howard County in Maryland USA. Children under the age of 16 were required to wear a bicycle helmet
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How old were the participants?
Aged 10-15 from grades 4, 7 and 9.
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Where were the children from in each of the groups?
From 47 schools in Howard County. 2 control groups from Montgomery county and Baltimore county.
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What had already happened in the Montgomery county?
A campaign to promote bicycle safety.
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How many children were sent questionnaires and how many were returned?
7322 children were sent questionnaires and around 3000 returned them.
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What were the topics covered in the questionnaire?
Bicycle use, helmet ownership and use, awareness of law, sources of information about helmets and peer pressure.
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What did the questionnaire contain and how was consent gained?
4-point likert scales were on the questionnaire. Parents helped the children to fill out the questionnaire so consent was gained.
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When were the children asked about usage of helmets?
Asked 1 year previously to study and on their most recent bike ride.
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Whose bicycle helmet use increased the most?
The younger children.
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Who had the highest rate of adherence?
After the campaign, Howard County had the highest rates in all of the USA.
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What did Howard County reported usage increase from and to?
11.4% to 37.5%.
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What did reported usage increase from and to in Montgomery County?
8.4% to 12.6%.
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What did reported helmet usage increase from and to in Baltimore County?
6.7% to 11.1%.
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What was the conclusion of this study?
Passing legislation has more of an impact than educational campaigns alone. Educational campaigns are not necessary in increasing health behaviours.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the design and type of experiment used?

Back

Independent measures design. A quasi experiment as the experimenter couldn't control the law so the IV is naturally occurring.

Card 3

Front

Where was the research conducted and what was the age requirement for wearing a helmet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How old were the participants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where were the children from in each of the groups?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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