Daly and Wilson - Gender related life-expectancy

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What was the aim of Daly and Wilson's research?
To find out if homicide rates would vary as a function of local life expectancy in Chicago which is divided into 77 neighbourhoods.
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Describe the methodology of Daly and Wilson's study
Correlational study using data from police records, school records, local demographic records collected by population census.
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Describe the procedure of their research
Examined local communities in Chicago which had lower than average male life expectancies ranging from 54.3 to 77.4 years. Plotted various correlations with data collected.
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What were the results about absenteeism from school?
Neighbourhood-specific rate of absenteeism from school negatively correlated with life expectancy.
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What was the best predictor of neighbourhood specific homicide rates?
Life expectancy was the best predictor of neighbourhood specific homicide rates which ranged from 1.3 to 156 per 100,000 people per annum.
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Why did men increase their risk taking for short term rewards?
Young men discounted their future and were expected to live shorter lives so increased likelihood of risk taking.
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What did truancy rates correlate with?
Life expectancy.
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What were the primary school and high school truancy rates?
Primary = r = -0.50, n = 77, p = 0.001. High school = r = -0.32, n = 77, p = 0.001.
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What were parents unwilling to invest time in and why?
Unwilling to invest time in child's education by enforcing attendance as they were on a short-time horizon.
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What was the average age of new mothers in high and low life expectancy neighbourhoods.
22.6 in 10 lowest life expectancy neighbourhoods. 27.3 in 10 highest life expectancy neighbourhoods.
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Describe the methodology of Daly and Wilson's study

Back

Correlational study using data from police records, school records, local demographic records collected by population census.

Card 3

Front

Describe the procedure of their research

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the results about absenteeism from school?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What was the best predictor of neighbourhood specific homicide rates?

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