Dairy (milk)

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  • Created by: zoe
  • Created on: 09-03-14 17:45
How is homogenised milk made?
Milk is forced through tiny holes under great pressure so fat globules are broken and can't reform, they then spread through the milk so there is no cream on top
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How is sterilised milk made?
Homogenised, bottled, sealed and heated to 110*c for 30 minutes, which alters the taste
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How is evaporated milk made?
Water is evaporated off making it more concentrated, it's homogenised and sealed in cans then sterilised at 115-120*c for 10 minutes, which alters the taste
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How is dried milk made?
By spraying milk into a hot chamber
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Why do manufactures use dried milk?
Less bulky, will keep for several months, no chance of bacteria growth
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How is pasteurised whole milk made?
Heated to 72*c for 15 seconds and cooled rapidly to 10*c or below before being packaged
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How is skimmed milk made?
It's pasteurised and has all the cream removed
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How is semi skimmed milk made?
It's pasteurised and has some of the cream removed
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How is UHT (ultra heat treated) milk made?
Heated to 132-140*c for 1 second before being cooled and packaged
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What is UHT milk also known as?
Long life milk
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How is Channel Islands milk made?
Pasteurised whole milk from Guernsey and Jersey cows with 5% extra fat to give it a creamy taste
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How is condensed milk made?
Evaporated milk which is not sterilised with added sugar to preserve it which makes it thick and sweet
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How is cream made?
By removing different amount of liquid from milk
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How is butter made?
By churning cream
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How is cheese made?
By solidifying milk
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How is yogurt made?
By adding different bacteria to milk
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What seven nutrients are found in whole milk?
Sugar (lactose), vitamin b, calcium, fat, phosphorous, protein, vitamin a
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What determines the different types of milk?
The amount of fat in each one
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What vitamin is removed from skimmed milk?
Vitamin a
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How is sterilised milk made?

Back

Homogenised, bottled, sealed and heated to 110*c for 30 minutes, which alters the taste

Card 3

Front

How is evaporated milk made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is dried milk made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why do manufactures use dried milk?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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