# D1vocab

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• Created by: S1mba
• Created on: 01-05-14 10:20
Complete matching
A matching where every member of one set is paired to a member of the other set.
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Digraph
Graph in which all edges have a specified direction. (These are called directed edges)
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Bipartite graph
2 distinct sets of vertices. Edges only join a vertex of one set to a vertex of the other set, not vertices within a set.
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Minimum spanning tree/ Minimum connector
A spanning tree such that the total length of its arcs is as small as possible.
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Matching
Is a one to one pairing of some or all of the elements of one set with elements of a second set. One to one means each element of the first set is paired with only one element of the second set.
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Path
Finite sequence of edges, end vertex of one edge is the start vertex of the next edge. No vertex appears more than once.
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Total float
Amount of time an activities can be delayed without affecting the duration of the project. Eg. F(a,b)=late(b)-early(a)-duration(a,b).
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Degree/ Valency/ Order
The number of edges incident to a vertex. A vertex is odd/even if the degree is odd/even.
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Cycle/ Circuit
Closed path. Closed means the end vertex of the final edge is the start vertex of the first edge.
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Complete graph/ Connected graph
Graph in which all vertices are connected. Denoted Kn if it has n vertices.
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Connected vertices
Vertices with a path between them.
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Complete graph
A graph in which all of the vertices are connected to every other vertex.
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Spanning tree
Sub graph which includes all vertices of the original graph. Is a tree, with no cycles.
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Graph
Contains points (vertices/nodes) connected by lines (arcs or edges).
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Subgraph of graph G
Is a graph, each of whose vertices belong to G and each of whose edges belongs to G.
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Tree
Connected graph with no cycles.
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Weighted graph/ Network
Graph with numbers associated with each edge.
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Maximal matching
A matching in which the number of arcs is as big as possible.
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Critical path
Path from source node to sink node. Which only follows critical activities. The longest path in the network.
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Dummy activity
1) Activity _depends only on activity _ but activity _ depends on activities _&_. 2) To enable the unique representation of activities _&_ in terms of their end events.
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Critical activity
An activity for which an increase in its duration results in a corresponding increase in the duration of the project. An activity with a float of zero.
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Semi-traversible (semi-eulerian) graph
Graph with precisely two odd valences. The start and finish point of a traverse around the graph must be the odd vertices.
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Alternating path
Path starting at an unmatched node from one set of a bipartite graph and finishing at an unmatched node from the other set. Using arcs alternately in and not in the in initial matching.
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Non-traversible graph
A graph with more than two odd nodes.
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Traversible (eulerian) graph
A graph which you can draw over all of the arcs exactly once without taking your pen of the paper. A graph with no odd nodes.
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## Other cards in this set

### Card 2

#### Front

Graph in which all edges have a specified direction. (These are called directed edges)

Digraph

### Card 3

#### Front

2 distinct sets of vertices. Edges only join a vertex of one set to a vertex of the other set, not vertices within a set.

### Card 4

#### Front

A spanning tree such that the total length of its arcs is as small as possible.

### Card 5

#### Front

Is a one to one pairing of some or all of the elements of one set with elements of a second set. One to one means each element of the first set is paired with only one element of the second set.