Cyclone Nargis

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  • Created by: OctaviaL
  • Created on: 04-06-16 15:43
Where did Cyclone Nargis hit?
Burma (Myanmar)
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What three factors caused the tropical depression over the Bay of Bengal
Low pressure, warm waters and low vertical wind sheer.
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What helped the Category 1 hurricane gain intensity on the 28th April?
High pressure ridges to the north-west and south-east kept the cyclone stationary over the sea.
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What happened on the 1st May?
The cyclone rapidly intensified to category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale and moved East.
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When did the cyclone make landfall? What accompanied it?
2nd May. 215km/hour winds and 6.3m storm surge.
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What prevented the rapid weakening of the cyclone that would be expected at landfall?
The cyclone travelled along the Irrawaddy delta so continued to be fed with moisture.
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What channeled and forced high the storm surge?
Inlets and the shallow continental shelf.
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Where was the cyclone expected to hit? Who was warned?
Farmers in Bangladesh were advised to speed up harvest of rice crops.
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What was Myannmar led by?
Military dictatorship.
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What percentage of the population don't get a primary education?
39%.
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Why was Burma less prepared than other LEDC's e.g. Bangladesh?
No evacuation plans, early warning system, coastal protection or shelters.
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How much off mangrove forest has been destroyed over the last 75 years?
87%.
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How many homes were destroyed and damaged?
450,000 destroyed. 350,000 damaged.
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How many schools were damaged or destroyed?
4000.
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What percentage of health facilities were damaged or destroyed?
75%.
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How many people were left without shelter?
2.4m.
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What percentage of freshwater ponds were salinated by sea water and contaminated? What effect did this have?
43%. People lost valuable sources of freshwater. Overall 70% had no access to fresh water.
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Give two examples of diseases due to poor sanitary conditions and contaminated water.
Dysentry and diarrhoea.
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How many people suffered with mental health conditions caused by the cyclone?
30% of people treated by just one agency.
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Which five regions were declared disaster zones by the government?
Yangon, Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Kayin.
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What long term political impact was there?
Refusing international aid was heavily criticised putting the government in a bad international political stance.
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What was the total estimated cost of the damage?
$10bn.
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What percentage of buildings collapsed, in total? Along the delta?
Total- 75%. Delta- 95%.
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How much agricultural land was damaged?
600,000 hectacres.
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What percentage of rice paddies were damaged?
65%.
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How many farm animals were killed?
200,000.
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What percentage of food stores were destroyed?
40%.
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What happened to food prices?
Increased between two and three fold.
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What happened to the harvest? What social impact did this have?
Lost for 2008 and 2009. People lost their income.
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Why is the loss of possession worse in an LEDC than an MEDC?
People lose livelihoods e.g. a fishing boat.
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How far inland did floodwaters reach?
40-50km.
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How many hectacres of mangrove forest were destroyed?
38,000.
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What was the official registered death toll?
84,000.
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How many people were declared missing?
54,000.
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What is the historic significance of Cyclone Nargis?
Deadliest tropical cyclone since 1920 Bhola Cyclone.
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Initially, what did the Burmese government do? Why?
Refuse all foreign aid. They did not want to desabilise their political oppression.
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When did the government accept aid donations?
9th May, so 6 days after the event.
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What did the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) provide?
22 tonnes of tents and other supplies from Thailand.
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What did Muslim Aid distribute?
Water purification tablets, blankets and food parcels.
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What did Italy provide?
25 tonnes of emergency equipment including shelter, first aid kits and water purifiers.
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Why was a French Navy ship refused entry? How many tonnes off supplies was it carrying?
The Burmese government thought it was a warship. 1500.
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Give an example of aid seized by the government that delayed delivery.
Two shipments of high-energy biscuits.
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What was held on the 19th May? What did it result in?
ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) held an emergency summit. Aid workers from ASEAN countries allowed into Burma.
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What did talks between the UN Secretary General and the Burmese leader Than Shwe result in?
All aid workers allowed in on 23rd May, three weeks after the event.
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For more than a year what did UNICEF do?
Provide learning materials, train teachers and repaired schools.
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What attempts did Metta make to mitigate impacts of similar future events?
Provided training on community-based risk mapping and emergency management, provided better early warning systems, constructed cyclone resistant community centres and schools to serve as shelters, promoted planting of trees.
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What were local carpenters taught?
Construction practices for building resilient housing.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What three factors caused the tropical depression over the Bay of Bengal

Back

Low pressure, warm waters and low vertical wind sheer.

Card 3

Front

What helped the Category 1 hurricane gain intensity on the 28th April?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened on the 1st May?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did the cyclone make landfall? What accompanied it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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