culture and early experience on relationships: research cards

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 16-01-14 14:23
Fraley (1998)- realtionship between attachment type and later relationships- undermines effects (slightly)
meta-analysis, finding correlations from 0.10 and 0.50 between early attachment type and later relationships. Suggested that the low correlations= insecure-anxious attachment is more unstable.
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Simpson et al (2007)- support for early experiences and later relationships
Ongoing longitudinal study (>25years) 78 pps studied at 4 key points- infancy, early childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Caregivers reported at 1year. Between 6-8 teachers reported how well they interacted with peers.
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Simpson et al (2007) (cont.)
At 16 they had to describe their close friendships and as young adults their partners were asked to describe their romantic experiences. Findings= expression of emotions in adult romance can be related to attachment experiences.
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Erwin (1993)- support
boys' relationships tend to be more competitive, a fact attributed to the greater emphasis on competitive play activities. Girls= cooperative and sharing activities. Sex differences in childhood experience are over-emphasised and that the many simila
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Moore and Leung (2001)- cultural difference in the expression of love
Tested cultural difference (west vs east) in an Australian study. Compared 212 Anglo- Australian students and 106 Chinese-Australian students, to see if the 'romantic conservatism' of Chinese students would manifest in different romance attitudes
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Moore and Leung (2001) findings
61% of AA students were in a relationship and 38% CA students. CA reported more loneliness. AA males were less romantic than females. CA males were as romantic as females. positive attitudes towards love from both
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Xiaohe and Whyte (1990)
in some developing countries, like China, noticeable decrease in traditional 'arranged' marriages. China- 70% arranged prior 1949,
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Argyle et al (1986)-support for cultural differences in rules, but not always as predicted
cross-cultural comparison of relationship rules in different cultures, found support for some differences (eg. rules concerning intimicy), but not others (eg. claim that japanese people placed more importance on formalised gift exchange than Brits)
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Janowiak and Fischer (1992)- love is an evolutionary adaption
searched for evidence of romantic love in a sample of Non-Westerntribal societies. Found clear evidence in 90% of the 166 cultures studied.
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Simpson et al (2007)- support for early experiences and later relationships

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Ongoing longitudinal study (>25years) 78 pps studied at 4 key points- infancy, early childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Caregivers reported at 1year. Between 6-8 teachers reported how well they interacted with peers.

Card 3

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Simpson et al (2007) (cont.)

Back

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Card 4

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Erwin (1993)- support

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Moore and Leung (2001)- cultural difference in the expression of love

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