Culture

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Definition of culture
The term used to describe the 'way of life' of a group of people
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What does culture include?
How people think and behave
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What does culture refer to?
The beliefs, traditions and ideas that people share
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What does modern thinking suggest?
Culture creates society
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What does material culture refer to?
Physical things that people attach meaning to, e.g. money, cars
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What does non-material culture refer to?
The ideas that people share, e.g. religion
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Why is this important?
Because it helps people to understand their social world and gives guidelines as to how they should behave
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What is social construction?
Any idea that is created and given special meaning to, for example motherhood isn't just the ability to to give birth and raise a child
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Why is culture a social construction?
It varies from one social group to another
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What are collectivist cultures?
They emphasise belonging to a group as more important than personal freedom
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What are individualist cultures?
They emphasise personal gain and freedom, sometimes at the expense of others
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What is part of culture?
Anything that is created by people, including ideas and beliefs
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What is known as the concept of variance in one society?
Cultural diversity
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What is someone known as if they break the norms of their culture?
Deviant
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What is one of the most important roles of culture?
Social control
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What will happen to the people that don't follow the rules of their society?
They might receive some form of sanction or punishment
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What is formal control?
Institutions exist to force people to behave, linking to the concept of power
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Card 2

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What does culture include?

Back

How people think and behave

Card 3

Front

What does culture refer to?

Back

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Card 4

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What does modern thinking suggest?

Back

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Card 5

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What does material culture refer to?

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