Cue-dependency theory

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Who proposed the theory?
Tulvig 1972
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What does it propose?
forgetting occurs due to an absence of cues
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What is a cue?
triggers that are encoded at the same time as the 'to be remembered' item
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What two forms of cues are there?
state and context
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What are state cues?
internal cues e.g. emotions or drugs
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What are context cues?
external cues e.g. location or smell
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What happens if cues are not present?
recall is more difficult
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Give three strengths.
-Aggleton + Waskett (Jorvik viking museum) -Godden + Baddely. -Abernathy (exams in class or hall).
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Give three weaknesses.
-context may induce state so are not actually different. -emotion can affect memory regardless of state cues. -lacks ecological validity because all supporting studies lack mundane realism
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Card 2

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What does it propose?

Back

forgetting occurs due to an absence of cues

Card 3

Front

What is a cue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What two forms of cues are there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are state cues?

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