Cuban Missile crisis

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  • Created by: katewells
  • Created on: 08-05-16 11:12
When did Kennedy come up with the idea of The Bay of Pigs?
April 1961
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Who did the CIA fund, train, arm and transport to the Bay of Pigs?
1,300 Cuban exiles
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How did poor secrecy cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?
Cuban exiles in Miami overheard and Castro was warned of the guerrilla training camps in Guatemala and prepared
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How did failure to control the air cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?
Air strikes failed to hit their targets
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How did the failure to gain support cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?
When they landed they were immediately under fire so very few Cubans joined the exiles
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How did Castro's response cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?
He ordered 20,000 troops to advance to the Bay and the air force to control the skies
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When did Fidel Castro come to power in Cuba?
1959
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When did Castro agree to trade with Russia and what did they trade?
1960, Cuba traded sugar for oil, machines and money
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What did the USA do to Cuba in 1960?
Stop trade
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What did Cuba do in retaliation to USA stopping trades with them?
Nationalised American companies
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What happened on 14th October 1962?
U2 spy plane took pictures of a nuclear missile base in Cuba
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What committee did Kennedy set up in order to help advise him?
National security council
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What did Kennedy announce on 22nd October in 1962?
A naval blockade of Cuba
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What type of bombers did Kennedy deploy on the 22nd October?
B52 nuclear bombers
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What did Khrushchev explain in his defense on the 23rd October 1962?
The nuclear missile bases were solely to protect Cuba from the aggressor
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How many Russia ships were heading for Cuba?
20
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What date did Khrushchev accuse USA of piracy?
24th October 1962
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What date did the first Russian ship reach the Blockade and what was it carrying?
25th October 1962 and Oil
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Why did all the other Russian ships turn back?
They were carrying nuclear missiles
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What did the US government secretly offer on the 25th October 1962?
To remove US missiles in Turkey for those in exchange for Cuba
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When did Khrushchev send the 1st telegram to Kennedy?
26th October 1962
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What did the 1st telegram offer?
Khrushchev would dismantle the sites if Kennedy lifted the blockade and agreed not to invade Cuba
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What did Kennedy brothers offer to the Russian ambassador when they met?
Removal of missiles from Turkey
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When did Khrushchev send the 2nd telegram?
27th October 1962
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What did the 2nd telegram demand?
For Kennedy to dismantle missiles in Turkey
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What happened on the same day as when Khrushchev sent to 2nd telegram?
A U2 spy plane was shot down over Cuba
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What did Kennedy do about the 2nd U2 spy plane incident?
He ignored it
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What was the 3rd telegram that Kennedy sent and when did he send it to Khrushchev after ignoring the 2nd?
27th October 1962: He would lift the blockade and not invade Cuba, if he dismantled the missile bases
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What did Kennedy secretly offer to Khrushchev?
Dismantle Turkey missile bases
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When did Khrushchev agree to the 3rd telegram?
28th October 1962
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When did Russian bombers leave Cuba and Kennedy lift the naval blockade?
20th November 1962
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How was Kennedy portrayed after the crisis?
As a hero who faced down communism
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What happened to Khrushchev after the crisis?
He lost prestige so China broke of relations with Russia and in 1964 Khrushchev was forced to resign
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who did the CIA fund, train, arm and transport to the Bay of Pigs?

Back

1,300 Cuban exiles

Card 3

Front

How did poor secrecy cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did failure to control the air cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did the failure to gain support cause the Bay of Pigs to fail?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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