Critical Thinking Useful Terms

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Refute
To prove the error of a statement by argument.
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Fallacy
Faulty reasoning based upon an unsound argument.
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Necessary Conditions
Information that is presented as necessary for a conclusion.
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Counter Example
A situation or illustration given in response to a situation or illustration.
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Sufficient Conditions
Information that is built up to explain what is needed.
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Evidence
Ideas suggested to support or validate an argument.
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Reason
Justification or cause used to support a point of view.
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Conclusion
The end of a fully supported and justified argument.
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Opinion
A point of view expressed in an argument.
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Hypothetical
An argument that is based upon imaginary circumstances or illustrations.
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Inference
To read something into an argument that is not directly asserted.
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Imply
To hint at something without actually saying it directly.
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Contradiction
A flat statement of the opposite point of view.
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Entail
Another argument that is unaviodably involved.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Fallacy

Back

Faulty reasoning based upon an unsound argument.

Card 3

Front

Necessary Conditions

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Counter Example

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sufficient Conditions

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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