Biological Criminal Theories

  • Created by: Jacob213
  • Created on: 19-03-18 09:29
What is Cesare Lombroso's (1876) Theory of facial features?
Lombroso's theory was that criminals could be identified by the facial features and the facial features being similar to those of apes. His idea was that criminals had not fully evolved which is why their behaviour was different.
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Name atleast 2 of the facial features Lombroso said you could identify if someone was a criminal.
Large jaw, High cheekbones, Flattened or upturned nose, Handle-shaped ears, Large chin, Hawk-like noses or fleshy lips, Hard shifty eyes , Scanty beard or baldness, Insensitivity to pain, long arms.
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What is Sheldon's Theory of Somatotypes (1949)
Certain body types were associated with how a person acts. There are 3 types, endomorphs, memsomorphs and ectomorphs.
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What are the charcateristics asscoiated with Endomorphs? (Name atleast 2)
Sociable, Funloving, Love of food and Even tempered.
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What are the charcateristics asscoiated with Necromorphs? (Name Atleast 2)
Adventurous, Courageous, Competitive and Desire power.
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What are the charcateristics asscoiated with Ectomorphs? (Name atleast 2)
Self-concious, Private, Introverted, Inhibility.
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What did Dalgard and Kringlen (1976) find out from their study of twins?
Dalgard and Kringlen did a study in Norway and found out 26% of monozygotic twins both ended up committing crime.
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What did Christiansen (1977) find out from his study of twins?
After examining 3,500 monozygotic and dizygotic twins in Denmark he found out that 35% of the male and 21% of female monozygotic twins both ended up commiting crimes as well as 13% of the dizygotic men and 8% of the monozygotic twins.
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What did Crowe (1972) find out about his study of adoption?
He found out from study a group of adopted children whose mother had a criminal record to those who didn't. 50% of the children with criminal mothers were committed crime by the time they were 18. Those without only had 5%.
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What is Jacobs XYY Study?
Jacob's study was a study in to males that were born with an extra Y chromosome being associated with males being super-males as they were thought to be overly aggressive.
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What is Phineas Gage known for?
Phinease Gage was known for surviving a large iron rod going straight through his head. It destroyed the brain's left frontal lobe. This injury reported to have a changed his personality for the rest of his life, showing the brain role in personality
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What is Raines study of brain abnormalities in murderers?
Raines study was done to American prisoners who had been charged with murder but were pleading not guilty by reason on insanity. He looked at brain scans
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Why are neurohemicals associated with crime?
If there a chemical imbalances in someone's body they could commit crimes because of it
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What did Osborne and West look at?
They looked at sons of those with and without criminal fathers to see the percentage of those that ended up with convictions.
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What percentage of sons without criminal fathers went on to commit crime?
13%
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What percentage of sons with criminal fathers went on to commit crime?
40%
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Large jaw, High cheekbones, Flattened or upturned nose, Handle-shaped ears, Large chin, Hawk-like noses or fleshy lips, Hard shifty eyes , Scanty beard or baldness, Insensitivity to pain, long arms.

Back

Name atleast 2 of the facial features Lombroso said you could identify if someone was a criminal.

Card 3

Front

Certain body types were associated with how a person acts. There are 3 types, endomorphs, memsomorphs and ectomorphs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Sociable, Funloving, Love of food and Even tempered.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Adventurous, Courageous, Competitive and Desire power.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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