Criminal psychology definitions

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Crime
A behaviour that violates social norms, moral values, religious beliefs, legal boundaries, and is subject to punishment of some kind.
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Anti-social behaviour
Not a criminal act in itself but could lead to one. It is acting in a manner that causes or is “likely to cause alarm, harassment, or distress to members of the public”. It is behaviour that reduces the quality of life in a community.
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Recidivism
The term used for repeating a crime or behaviour for which an individual has been punished or is receiving treatment.
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Token economy
Based on the principles of operant conditioning. A system of rewards being set up for desired behaviour, sometimes with punishments to discourage behaviour which is undesirable.
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Stereotyping
Simplistic views/judgements about others that are often incorrect. Thinking that a group characteristic applies to all members. Sometimes there may be no evidence for a stereotype.
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Modelling
A form of learning where individuals ascertain how to act or perform by observing another individual.
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Eyewitness testimony
Refers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessed. Research into this area has found that eyewitness testimony can be affected by many psychological factors, such as stress, reconstructive memory, and leading questions.
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Card 2

Front

Not a criminal act in itself but could lead to one. It is acting in a manner that causes or is “likely to cause alarm, harassment, or distress to members of the public”. It is behaviour that reduces the quality of life in a community.

Back

Anti-social behaviour

Card 3

Front

The term used for repeating a crime or behaviour for which an individual has been punished or is receiving treatment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Based on the principles of operant conditioning. A system of rewards being set up for desired behaviour, sometimes with punishments to discourage behaviour which is undesirable.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Simplistic views/judgements about others that are often incorrect. Thinking that a group characteristic applies to all members. Sometimes there may be no evidence for a stereotype.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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