criminal justice system

ording to Tim Newburn, criminology is made up of which of the below subjects: 1 . The study of crime. 2 The study of those who commit crime. 3 The study of intelligence and emotions. 4 The study of the criminal justice and penal systems
1 and 2 and 4 only
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hich criminologist described criminology as a 'rendezvous subject'?
David Downe
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acording to David Garland, criminology is the product of which of the below initially separate streams of work?
The 'governmental project' and the 'Lombrosian project'
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e are no differences between the study 'criminology' and 'criminal justice studies'. Is this statement true or false?
False
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minal justice studies tends to be more theoretically informed than criminology and it is more concerned with crime and its causes'. Is this statement true or false?
False
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at is the name of the Criminal Justice Agency that recently decided that the convicted ****** John Worboys should be released from prison with 'stringent licence conditions'?
Parole Board
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maximum prison sentence which a Magistrates Court can impose on a person found guilty of Actual Bodily Harm (ABH) is
6 months
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what was the name of the police operation which took place in 1987, as a result of which a group of gay men were convicted of assault for their involvement in consensual sadomasochism?
Operation Spanne
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esulting House of Lords case (R v Brown) ruled that consent was not a valid legal defence for wounding and ABH in the UK, except as a foreseeable incident of a lawful activity in which the person injured was participating, e.g. surgery, sport.T/F
True
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Broadly speaking, two views are held about crime statistics in criminology. Which one of the below is NOT one of these views
Ontological Perspective
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Consider the following statement by Hulsman (1986):'Crime has no ontological reality. Crime is not the object but the product of criminal justice policy'. Which of the below theoreticalframeworks is best aligned to Hulsman's position?
Social Constructionism
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Broadly speaking there are two main 'official'methods used in England & Wales to 'measure' crime. Which of the below is NOT one of the methods?
Interviewing prisoners, to establish which crimes they commit and how they do it.
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For procedural purposes criminal offences are divided into three categories. Which of the below is NOT one of the categories?
Federal Offences
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The amount of crime in society which is unrecorded/unreported is often referred to as
The dark figure
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Which of the below statements is TRUE in relation to the Crime Survey England & Wales (the victim survey)
It is generally thought to be more reliable that Police Recorded Crime (PRC)
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According to the latest statistics, approximately how manyADULTS were recently included and interviewed as part of the victim survey (CSEW)?
35 thousand
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According to Tim Hope in the Week 2 Core Reading there are a number of issues or 'biases' which mayarise in the process of interviewing 'victims' and these biases may impact on the accuracy of the statistics. What do these biases include?
A. Memory Decay B. Telescoping C. Interview Conditions
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In 2017 how many homicides ( i.e. murders) were recorded in England &  Wales?
685
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Crime is a staple of the mass media. For television, cinema, newspapers  and books, crime is a central, even dominant theme. Is the above  statement true or false?
True
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Research by Fitzgerald (2002) showed that the majority of people obtained  their information about the police through 'word of mouth'. Is this true or  false?
False
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The ideological background and reasons why certain forms of crime are  covered in the media is usually referred to as
Media agenda
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What is the name of the academic who in 1973 wrote about the concept of  News Selection which included such things as: immediacy, sex sells,  dramatisationand conventionalism etc.?
Steve Chibnall
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According to Robert Reiner (2016), the media coverage of crime is often the  'REVERSE' of the picture reported in the official crime statistics. What term  does Reiner use to refer to this?
The law of opposites
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Which of the below describes the process whereby the media publicises a  groups 'deviant' behaviour which in turn leads to an 'ever increasing spiral of  deviance and crime'?
Deviancy amplification
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A wave of public concern about some exaggerated deviant threat to society is  known as a
Moral panic
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According to Hall et al (1978) the sociatalreaction to which of the below  crime types was the result of a media driven moral panic?
Mugging (Robbery)
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The Royal Charter which established the BBCmakes it clear that there is no  requirement for the BBCto be impartial in the reporting of news. Is this  statement true or false?
False
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The Supreme Court has recently made a ruling that the victims of serious crimes are NOT able to sue the police if the police fail to investigate their cases properly. Is this statement true of false?
False
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According to the sociologist Max Webber, the state can be defined as a ' human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of taxation over a territory‘. Is this true or false?
False
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According to the policing expert Egon Bittner, which of the below is the defining characteristic of the public police?
They have the capacity to use force
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During the early history of policing in this country individuals were largely responsible for policing and they did so on a voluntary basis. Is this statement true or false?
True
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When modern, policing began to emerge in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the idea of a centralised professional police force was welcomed by almost everyone in this country and there was little resistance to it. Is this statement true or fal
False
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Many text books date the start of modern centralised professional policing to the formation of the London Metropolitan Police. In which year was this police force formed?
1829
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Which if any of the below are features of 'modern' 'professional policing?
A. Uniforms B. Bureaucratically organised
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Police officers hold a wide range of powers, such as the powers to arrest and search people. However, they can only use these powers when they are on duty. Is this statement true or false?
False
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How many territorial police forces are there in England & Wales?
43
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The idea that the in the modern era the public police are only one of a number of many agencies of social control is generally known as the concept of
Plural policing
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There is really no difference between the terms POLICE & POLICING.Is this statement true or false?
False
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Policing is a much narrower term than Police. Is this statement true or false?
False
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According to Reiner (2010) the police are a 'specialised body of people given primary responsibility by the state for legitimate force to safeguard security. Is this statement true or false?
True
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Which of the below (if any) are examples of plural policing?
A. Commercial (private policing) B. Civilianisation of the public police
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In relation to plural policing, the terms citizen policing and civilianisation of policing mean the same thing. Is this statement true or false?
False
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Which of the below are examples of private policing.
B. Private security officer working at AFC Bournemouth on match day. C. A private detective in Poole.
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There are two broad categories of vigilantism. What are they?
Active and passive
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Which of the below have been put forward as explanations for the growth of private policing?
A. The growth of mass private property B. Financial crisis (in public police). C. Shortcomings of the public police
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Which of the below is a concern relating to the recent growth of private policing?
A. It seems very fragmented B. Lack of accounability C. Equity/fairness - ie only people with resources can pay for it
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According to the core reading for week 5, Richard Heslop argues that the most visible and obvious form of private policing is Police Community Support Officers. Is this statement true or false?
False
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Until the 1940s & 50s there was little or no academic research into policing. The first early studies which started to emerge around this time can be broadly categorised as
Administrative studies
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In the 1960s sociologists and other researchers to be become interested in the academic study of the police. What were the reasons for this?
A. Concerns about the policing of civil rights and other protests B. People became more aware of police corruption C. There were methodological and theoretical developments within sociology
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The concept of police (occupational) culture may broadly be defined as ' values, norms, perspectives and craft rules that inform police conduct'. Is this statement true or false?
True
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The key elements of police culture are argued to be
A. Sexism B. A liberal outlook
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The reasons why academics and other remain interested in the concept of cop culture include:
A. It may impact on the need to reform the police. B. It may impact on who joins the police and who stays in the organisation C. Negative elements of culture may contradict the polices duty to be fair and act without favour to any one.
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In the week 4 core reading, Tim Newburn also discusses the concept of police culture. Newburn refers to the work of Ianni & Ianni (1983) who made an important distinction between:
Street Cops and Management Cops
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The Criminal Justice System in England & Wales is a fully integrated and coherent system, in which all the various agencies work to exactly the same objectives. Is this statement true or false?
False
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Which of the below are regarded as components (or building blocks) of the Criminal Justice System?
A. Substantive Criminal Law B. Procedural Criminal Law
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The offence of Actual Bodily Harm (1861) is an example of substantive criminal law. Is this statement true or false?
True
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The main purpose of procedural criminal law is to set out powers to enable and constrain law enforcement agencies, as well as to specify pre-trial and trial procedures. Is this true or false?
True
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Which of the below is NOT an example of procedural criminal law
Murder
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Which of the below agencies are responsible for the preparation and trial of offences which appear at court
Crown Prosecution Service
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Which of the below describes the overall system of criminal Justice which operates in England & Wales
Adversarial
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What is the age of criminal responsibility in England & Wales?
10
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The current Youth Justice System in England & Wales was set up under which piece of legislation?
Crime and Disorder Act
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At what age is an individual regarded as a 'Young Person' within the Criminal Justice System
Aged 10 and under 18
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When a young person has been arrested and taken to a police station, what additional rights do they have?
To have an appropriate adult present
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In most cases young people who are charged with an offence and appear at a court will do so at a Youth Court, in front of specially selected Magistrates and away from the Adult Court. Is this statement true or false?
True
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There are no circumstances in this country in which a young person aged 11 could ever be tried in an adult court. Is this statement true or false?
False
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A young person who admits responsibility for a non serious offence can only be given one ' verbal warning', so that if they offend again they must appear before a Youth Court. Is this statement true or false? 
False
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If a young person is found guilty of an offence the Youth Court can impose which of the below type of sentence.
Custodial, Electronic Tagging, Drug Treatment
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The word 'PRISON' is a generic term used to describe institutions that hold captives, although the word tends to have different meanings in American & British contexts. Is this statement true or false?
True
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Which of the below is NOT an Institution used to incarcerate young people sentenced to a period of detention?
Open prison
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A Young Offender Institution is a type of prison used to hold offenders between which of the below age ranges:
18 to 20
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All the Secure Training Centres in England and Wales are run by the Local Authority. Is this statement true or false?
False
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In which year were the last prisoners executed by hanging in a prison in England?
1964
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Category C Prisons have no walls or perimeter fences. Is this statement true or false? 
False
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HM Prison Leeds (also known locally as Armley Jail) is categorised as which type of prison?
Category B
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What is the approximate current prison population in England & Wales?
85,000
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

hich criminologist described criminology as a 'rendezvous subject'?

Back

David Downe

Card 3

Front

acording to David Garland, criminology is the product of which of the below initially separate streams of work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

e are no differences between the study 'criminology' and 'criminal justice studies'. Is this statement true or false?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

minal justice studies tends to be more theoretically informed than criminology and it is more concerned with crime and its causes'. Is this statement true or false?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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